PHIL 201 Quiz 4

PHIL 201 Quiz 4 Liberty University Answers

Set 1

  1. The Aristotelian approach that Bacon critiqued was deduction.
  2. For Hume, which of the following would be a matter of fact:
  3. According to Hume, why can we never arrive at certainty?
  4. For Locke, which of the ideas below would be a complex idea:
  5. Plato’s forms exist apart from the physical objects that they represent in the world experienced by our senses.
  6. Locke divided knowledge into matters of fact and relations of ideas.
  7. The type of knowledge epistemology is primarily concerned with:
  8. The philosopher who believed we are born with innate “categories of understanding” was:
  9. The basis for Descartes knowledge of the material world was:
  10. Plato develops the traditional view of knowledge in one particular book of his. What is the title of that specific book by Plato? (Note: “Complete Works” is not the answer.)
  11. Which is not one of the ways the word “know” might be used?
  12. In order to count as knowledge, there must be some form of justification for the claim.
  13. Epistemology is concerned with all the following types of questions except:
  14. The primary problem with Thales’ view of the earth is that he lacked justification for his belief.
  15. Gettier examples are aimed at showing that JTB is not a necessary condition of truth.
  16. Definitions of truth tell us the best ways to identify truth.
  17. Anti-realist Postmodern thinkers say that reality does not exist.
  18. Which of the following is not one of the major pragmatists mentioned by Dew and Foreman?
  19. Since coherentism and pragmatism fail as definitions of truth, we should refrain form using them as tests for truth.
  20. Pragmatism is epistemologically valuable for us since it helps us test truth claims.

Set 2

  1. Which of the following represents the key difference in thought from Descartes to Bacon?
  2. Which of the following can be classified as a priori knowledge?
  3. Knowledge arrived at immediately:
  4. Plato was hesitant to build a theory of knowledge on the physical world because
  5. By “Form” Plato is referring to the particular shape of an object of experience.
  6. Nancy believes that her brother, Peter, is currently in Paris. It is true that Peter is in Paris. According to the traditional definition of knowledge, can we say that Nancy knows her brother is in Paris:
  7. Scientific anti‐realism is the view that science does not claim objects like electrons actually exist. They are just a fictional construct to explain how things work. This view fits best with which truth theory:
  8. One problem with the coherence theory of truth is that it is not linked with the real world but only systems of beliefs.
  9. According to the pointecast presentation on truth theories, Coherence is a sufficient condition for truth, but it is not a necessary condition for truth.
  10. Plato develops the traditional view of knowledge in one particular book of his. What is the title of that specific book by Plato? (Note: “Complete Works” is not the answer.)
  11. A sufficient condition is:
  12. As long as justification is present, one can be assured that he/she has real knowledge.
  13. Though there are a variety of different forms of justification, the best form is empirical evidence.
  14. The problem with “True Opinion” is that:
  15. Knowledge has traditionally been defined as Justified, true, opinion.
  16. Pragmatism is epistemologically valuable for us since it helps us test truth claims.
  17. According to Dew and Foreman, the successes of modern science give us reason to think that we can speak of truth, search for truth, and make truth claims.
  18. Since coherentism and pragmatism fail as definitions of truth, we should refrain form using them as tests for truth.
  19. Anti‐realist Postmodern thinkers say that reality does not exist.
  20. According to Dew and Foreman, the coherentist perspective of truth has enjoyed the greatest and longest amount of support throughout history.

Set 3

  1. Plato was hesitant to build a theory of knowledge on the physical world because
  2. For Hume, which of the following would be a matter of fact:
  3. Hume’s fork consisted of:
  4. The philosopher who arrived at certainty through a process of doubting all of his knowledge was:
  5. Plato’s forms exist apart from the physical objects that they represent in the world experienced by our senses.
  6. The book by Plato from which we get our traditional definition of knowledge:
  7. Locke divided knowledge into matters of fact and relations of ideas.
  8. By “noumena” Kant is referring to
  9. The type of knowledge epistemology is primarily concerned with:
  10. The philosopher who believed we are born with innate “categories of understanding” was:
  11. The problem with “True Opinion” is that:
  12. The primary problem with Thales’ view of the earth is that he lacked justification for his belief.
  13. Gettier examples are aimed at showing that JTB is not a necessary condition of truth.
  14. Epistemology might is best described as “the study of Knowledge.”
  15. Gettier Problems show that:
  16. Anti‐realist Postmodern thinkers say that reality does not exist.
  17. Which of the following is not one of the major pragmatists mentioned by Dew and Foreman?
  18. Solipsism has difficulty explaining how truth claims help us do science and exploration.
  19. Pragmatism is epistemologically valuable for us since it helps us test truth claims.
  20. Pragmatist theories of truth focus mostly how well a set of belief “work” for a particular person.
  21. According to Dew & Foreman, faith is one of the sources of knowledge.
  22. Plato holds that we obtain knowledge:
  23. Descartes believed that all men were born a tabula rasa.
  24. The philosopher who arrived at certainty through a process of doubting all of his knowledge was:
  25. For Plato, the realm where things are constantly in a flux and changing is:
  26. According to Plato, the process by which we know things in the world is called:
  27. Nancy believes that her brother, Peter, is currently in Paris. It is true that Peter is in Paris. According to the traditional definition of knowledge, can we say that Nancy knows her brother is in Paris:
  28. The philosopher who believed we are born with innate “categories of understanding” was:
  29. Rationalism holds that all knowledge is arrived at through the reason and rejects any use of the senses at all.
  30. The elements of a proposition include:
  31. Epistemology is concerned with all the following types of questions except:
  32. In response to the Gettier Problem, Keith Lerher and Thomas Paxson revise JTB as:
  33. Dew and Foreman claim that one minor concern with JTB is that the line between justification and truth seems a bit vague.
  34. We should study epistemology so that we can find confidence on the biggest questions of life.
  35. A sufficient condition is:
  36. According to Dew and Foreman, the coherentist perspective of truth has enjoyed the greatest and longest amount of support throughout history.
  37. Postmodern anti‐realism argues that our perception comes to us through the subjective filters of our minds.
  38. In coherentist theories of truth, the primary concern is how well (or consistently) one belief fits with all the other beliefs within the system.
  39. Pragmatism faces all of the following problems except:
  40. According to Dew and Foreman, the successes of modern science give us reason to think that we can speak of truth, search for truth, and make truth claims.
  41. The philosopher who arrived at certainty through a process of doubting all of his knowledge was:
  42. The Aristotelian approach that Bacon critiqued was deduction.
  43. Plato was hesitant to build a theory of knowledge on the physical world because
  44. For Hume, which of the following would be a matter of fact:
  45. Which of the following can be classified as a priori knowledge?
  46. The basis for Descartes knowledge of the material world was:
  47. Locke divided knowledge into matters of fact and relations of ideas.
  48. By “noumena” Kant is referring to
  49. The philosopher who believed we are born with innate “categories of understanding” was:
  50. The book by Plato from which we get our traditional definition of knowledge:
  51. Knowledge has traditionally been defined as Justified, true, opinion.
  52. A sufficient condition is:
  53. We should study epistemology so that we can find confidence on the biggest questions of life.
  54. A ______________ is something we hold to be true.
  55. Gettier Problems show that:
  56. In coherentist theories of truth, the primary concern is how well (or consistently) one belief fits with all the other beliefs within the system.
  57. Coherentism uses which metaphor to illustrate how our beliefs relate to each other?
  58. The correspondence theory of truth holds that statements are true when they correspond to the real state of affairs in the world.
  59. Which of the following has been the dominant theory of truth for most of history?
  60. Definitions of truth tell us the best ways to identify truth.
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