PHIL 201 Quiz 8

PHIL 201 Quiz 8 Liberty University

Set 1

  1. Which branch of ethics attempts to answer moral questions and settle issues about what to do and who to be is:
  2. According to emotivism, “murder is wrong” is understood to mean:
  3. Subjectivist metaethical theories are:
  4. According to cognitivism:
  5. According to simple subjectivism, whatever an individual believes to be true is true (for that person).
  6. The branch of ethics that explores answer to the question, “What grounds moral facts?” is
  7. Which branch of ethics asks nonmoral questions about morality?
  8. According to the atheist Bertrand Russell, if there is no God, then all we can do is build our lives on the firm foundation of unyielding despair.
  9. Platonic Atheism is a version of which meta-ethical theory:
  10. One advantage of Theism over Platonic Atheism, is that:
  11. A key intuition we hold is that we owe obligations to persons, not things, and this provides reason to think theism explains, whereas Platonic atheism does not, the reality of objective moral duties.
  12. Just because an individual (or group of individuals) believe something is the case, that doesn’t mean it is the case.
  13. Alasdair MacIntyre is founded which modern ethical approach?
  14. A virtue is some positive characteristic of a person that is life- producing, beneficial, or helpful in nature.
  15. Which distinction is made among Divine Command Theorists?
  16. The authors describe the ancient concept eudaimonia (what Aristotle believed to be the end/purpose of every man) as:
  17. In Deontological ethics, “a rule or command that is universally and objectively applicable” is called a:
  18. Deontological theories are primarily concerned with:
  19. John Stuart Mill, a pioneer of Utilitarian ethics, sought to find an objective morality through an ontological basis of morality.
  20. Normative Ethics is the branch of ethics that:
  21. Which of the following are objections to/weakness of utilitarianism provided by the authors?
  22. The authors conclude by endorsing which of the ethical systems discussed in the chapter?
  23. Teleological ethical theories are primarily concerned with commands to do right, and to avoid wrong-doing.
  24. For MacIntyre, the process of judging the intellectual viability of ethical views is a 3-stage process. Which is NOT one of those stages?
  25. Which metaethical theory holdsthat morality is subjective and grounded in attitudes?

Set 2

  1. The branch of ethics that explores answer to the question, “Is abortion morally right or wrong?” is
  2. One advantage of Theism over Platonic Atheism, is that:
  3. According to cognitivism:
  4. ethics
  5. If you believe that moral facts are mind-independent then you think they are:
  6. Subjectivist metaethical theories are:
  7. Examples of noncogitivist metaethical theories include:
  8. Objectivist metaethical theories are:
  9. Which branch of ethics attempts to answer moral questions and settle issues about what to do and who to be is:
  10. Just because an individual (or group of individuals) believe something is the case, that doesn’t mean it is the case.
  11. According to the atheist Bertrand Russell, if there is no God, then all we can do is build our lives on the firm foundation of unyielding despair.
  12. If you believe that moral facts are mind-dependent then you think they are:
  13. John Stuart Mill, a pioneer of Utilitarian ethics, sought to find an objective morality through an ontological basis of morality.
  14. The Enlightenment philosopher              was one of the leading voices for deontological ethics.
  15. Deontological theories are primarily concerned with:
  16. For MacIntyre, the process of judging the intellectual viability of ethical views is a 3-stage process. Which is NOT one of those stages?
  17. The authors note that because Utilitarianism broadens its concern to all people or an entire community, it is an improvement on Egoism.
  18. The authors describe the ancient concept eudaimonia (what Aristotle believed to be the end/purpose of every man) as:
  19. The authors conclude by endorsing which of the ethical systems discussed in the chapter?
  20. In Deontological ethics, “a rule or command that is universally and objectively applicable” is called a:
  21. Teleological ethical theories are primarily concerned with commands to do right, and to avoid wrong-doing.
  22. Alasdair MacIntyre is founded which modern ethical approach?
  23. MacIntyre argues that ethics should be about constructing a unified approach to morality that applies to all people everywhere.
  24. Divine command theory is the ethical theory that claims ethical wrongness:
  25. Which metaethical theory holdsthat morality is subjective and grounded in attitudes?

Set 3

  1. If you believe that moral facts are mind-independent then you think they are:
  2. According to ethical naturalism, moral properties are:
  3. One advantage of Theism over Platonic Atheism, is that:
  4. Subjectivist metaethical theories are:
  5. Objectivist metaethical theories are:
  6. According to cognitivism:
  7. According to emotivism, “murder is wrong” is understood to mean:
  8. If you believe that moral facts are mind-dependent then you think they are:
  9. Examples of noncogitivist metaethical theories include:
  10. According to simple subjectivism, whatever an individual believes to be true is true (for that person).
  11. Just because an individual (or group of individuals) believe something is the case, that doesn’t mean it is the case.
  12. According to the atheist Bertrand Russell, if there is no God, then all we can do is build our lives on the firm foundation of unyielding despair.
  13. Normative Ethics is the branch of ethics that:
  14. Aristotle believed that we can find virtue between the vices of excess and deficiency. This virtuous point in between the vices he called:
  15. In Deontological ethics, “a rule or command that is universally and objectively applicable” is called a:
  16. Deontological theories are primarily concerned with:
  17. John Stuart Mill, a pioneer of Utilitarian ethics, sought to find an objective morality through an ontological basis of morality.
  18. Which distinction is made among Divine Command Theorists?
  19. MacIntyre argues that ethics should be about constructing a unified approach to morality that applies to all people everywhere.
  20. Immanuel Kant’s moral philosophy rested on the assumption that there is a “universal rationality” shared by all people everywhere.
  21. For MacIntyre, the process of judging the intellectual viability of ethical views is a 3-stage process. Which is NOT one of those stages?
  22. Alasdair MacIntyre is founded which modern ethical approach?
  23. The authors note that because Utilitarianism broadens its concern to all people or an entire community, it is an improvement on Egoism.
  24. Teleological ethical theories are primarily concerned with commands to do right, and to avoid wrong-doing.
  25. Which metaethical theory holds that morality is subjective and grounded in attitudes?
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