In the Pastoral Epistles, Paul focused more heavily on his opponents’ doctrine rather than their behavior.
Paul’s declaration that “there is one God (1 Tim. 2:5),” parallels which Jewish affirmation (cite the name of the affirmation and its location in the Hebrew Bible)?
According to Towner, one of the greatest challenges to the authenticity of the Pastoral Epistles is that roles described of Timothy and Titus do not conform to the patterns described in the undisputed letters.
References to Titus in the Pauline Epistles are limited to the Epistle to Titus
Titus’ assignment in Crete is not mentioned in the book of Acts.
Which of the Pastoral Epistles does not contain instruction relating to church structure?
According to Towner, homosexuality was prohibited in the Old Testament but is not condemned in the New Testament.
Throughout the Pastoral Epistles, Paul emphasizes the authority of the Old Testament writings and their usefulness for teaching in the local church.
Paul’s descriptions of the opponents in Ephesus suggests that the heresy they promulgated included significant Jewish elements.
The formula “faithful is the saying” is found in each of the Pastoral Epistles.
Those who deny the Pauline authorship of the Pastoral Epistles usually do so on the basis of external rather than internal evidence.
What was the fastest growing religion in the first-century?
The practice of devoting oneself to “endless genealogies (1 Tim. 1:4)” seems to have been practiced primarily in Jewish contexts.
The authenticity of the Pastoral Epistles was not seriously questioned before the nineteenth century.
According to 1 Tim. 2:2, what is the purpose of praying for all men?
Paul’s reference to Jesus coming into the world (1 Tim. 1:15) is understood by Towner as merely a reference to the earthly ministry of Jesus and should not be interpreted as an implicit affirmation of Christ’s pre-existence.
According to Towner, Paul’s style varied from letter to letter.
In the Pastoral Epistles, the title “savior (σωτήρ)”is applied to both Jesus and the Father.
The Cretans believed that which deity was born and died in Crete?
In the book of Acts, Timothy is first mentioned during which of Paul’s three missionary journeys?
According to Towner, Paul’s reference to handing over his opponents to Satan (1 Tim. 1:20) refers to a vindictive action that was carried out only after there was no hope of restoration of the erring person.
According to Towner, what is the most accurate way to understand Timothy and Titus’ relationship to the church leadership in Ephesus and Crete?
What are the names of the two individuals said to have shipwrecked their faith in 1 Tim. 1?
According to Towner, those who had experienced the shipwreck of their faith (1 Tim. 1:19–20) made the heretical decision to return to an external, law-based faith.
What is the name of the mid-second century heretic who did not include the Pastoral Epistles in his canonical edition?
The handing over of one’s opponents to Satan (1 Tim. 1:20) refers to the practice of excommunication from the church.
According to Towner, the Pastoral Epistles should be interpreted as an indivisible unit rather than as individual compositions.
Which of the Pastoral Epistles is the most personal?
Which of the Pastoral Epistles includes a strong rebuke of the practice of kidnapping or stealing people and selling them into slavery?
According to Towner, it is probable that the opponents addressed in the Pastoral Epistles held to a specific heresy rather than an amalgamation of heresies.