Which of the following was NOT a characteristic of the French Revolutionary Army?
After the French victory at Valmy saved the Revolution, the Convention attempted to deescalate the war by fighting defensively and opening negotiations with Austria and Prussia.
In “Religion: The Cult of the Supreme Being,” Robespierre believed that, by celebrating the deity, the Revolution could overcome monarchical tyranny.
According to the Levée en Masse decree of 23 August 1793, private industry retained control over military production.
The combined effects of Jean-Baptiste Gribeauval’s reforms to the French artillery increased its firepower and made it more mobile on the battlefield.
All of the following were factors in Louis XVI’s trial EXCEPT:
What was “Thermidor?”
The Law of Suspects deemed who of the following as liable for arrest?
When the deeply Catholic Vendée region rose up in insurrection, how did the Convention respond?
In the new “National Convention,” the Montagnards, led by Jacobin Maximilien Robespierre, emerged as the most radical faction demanding the abolition of the monarchy and championing the lower classes.
All of the following led to the “Great Terror” EXCEPT:
Why was the leveé en masse of 23 August 1793 a major turning point in the history of the Revolution and of warfare?
According to the page “Reforming the army” on the website, Napoleon, His Armies and Enemies, proposed reforms to the French army after its defeat in the Seven Years’ War included permanent army divisions made up of all arms to enable independent operations for short time periods and the use of light infantry and skirmish tactics.
The year of the Terror was a year of victories for the French armies. How did they do it?
Radical measures taken by the Convention to enforce the Revolution included:
Maximilien Robespierre was strongly influenced by Rousseau.
The most radical phase of the Revolution in 1793-1794 also witnessed the height of women’s influence on its course.
The initial reaction of most European observers to the French Revolution was:
A radical insurrection in Paris on 31 May 1793 ousted the Girondins and left all power in the hands of the Montagnards.
The emergence of the sans-culottes and the enragés pushed the Convention to adopt ever-more radical measures like the death penalty for hoarding grain.
During the Reign of Terror, the radical revolutionaries tried to establish a utopia through all of the following means EXCEPT:
Although the French Revolutionary army had significant weaknesses, it also possessed important strengths, which included all of the following EXCEPT:
The Committee of Public Safety proved a safeguard against the emergence of a revolutionary dictatorship.
The death toll of the Reign of Terror was between 250,000-300,000 people.