GOVT 422 Quiz The Supreme Court

GOVT 422 Quiz: The Supreme Court and the Presidency

  1. In 1985, Justice ____________ wrote an opinion dissenting from the entire thrust of the modern Supreme Court’s Establishment Clause jurisprudence.
  2. Which of the following presidents was NOT impeached by the United States House of Representatives.?
  3. In Ex parte Garland (1867), the Supreme Court held that a presidential pardon
  4. In__________, the Supreme Court held that the ex post facto clauses applied to criminal but not to civil laws.
  5. In Employment Division v. Smith (1990), the Supreme Court rejected a claim by _________________ that their ritualistic use of peyote constituted free exercise of religion.
  6. During the Constitutional Convention, one of the debates between the delegates centered on
  7. Although recognizing the legitimacy of executive privilege as a means of protecting nation security, the Supreme Court held that the privilege was not absolute and that the President had no right to frustrate a legitimate criminal investigation in
  8. In response to the possibility that presidential reliance on treaties might override the limitations of the Constitution, Senator _____ in the early 1950s proposed a constitutional amendment that would have nulliffied any treaty provision coniflicting with the Constitution.
  9. In ____________, the Supreme Court upheld application of the federal antipolygamy statute to a Mormon who claimed it was his religious duty to have several wives.
  10. In Wiener v. United States (1958), the Supreme Court held that the unique nature of independent agencies requires that removal must be _____, whether or not Congress has so stipulated.
  11. In Haig v. Agee (1981), the Supreme Court upheld the Reagan Administration’s decision to revoke the _____ of a former CIA agent whose foreign activities were deemed a threat to national security.
  12. In an episode that became known as the “Saturday Night Massacre,” President Nixon red Attorney General Elliot Richardson and Assistant Attorney General William Ruckelshaus, both of whom refused to follow the President’s order to dismiss Watergate special prosecutor
  13. The Seventh Amendment guarantees the right to a jury trial in federal civil suits “at common law” where the amount at issue exceeds
  14. The President’s pardoning power was
  15. The ratication of the __________ Amendment in ____ provided an opportunity for the Supreme Court to reconsider the relationship between the Bill of Rights and state and local governments.
  16. The two aspects of constitutional rights include _________ and
  17. The constitutional problem of presidential succession first arose in 1841 when President _____ died after only a month in office.
  18. The _____ requires government agents to obtain a warrant from the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Court before subjecting U.S. citizens to electronic surveillance for the purpose of gathering foreign intelligence.
  19. The Supreme Court held in _____that the president is entitled to absolute immunity against private civil suits, at least those stemming from the president’s ocial actions during his time in the White House.
  20. The Framers of the Constitution were heavily influenced by the theory of __________, in which rights are seen as inherently belonging to individuals.
  21. In ____________, the Supreme Court ruled that the Privileges or Immunities Clause did not prohibit a state from denying a woman a license to practice law.
  22. Article III, Section 3 of the Constitution provides that “Treason against the United States, shall consist only in levying War against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them
  23. As of December 2013, the provisions of the Bill of Rights that had not been absorbed into the Fourteenth Amendment include the
  24. In Breedlove v. Suttles (1937), the Supreme Court ruled that __________, in and of themselves, did not violate the Fourteenth or Fifteenth Amendments.
  25. In _______________, the Court struck down a state law that prohibited door-to-door solicitation for any religious or charitable cause without prior approval of a state agency.
  26. In 1970, Congress passed a measure lowering the voting age from twenty-one to eighteen in both state and federal elections. The Supreme Court, however, declared this measure unconstitutional in
  27. The potential problem of presidential disability is addressed by the _____, ratied in 1967.
  28. In ______________, the Supreme Court upheld a New York statute requiring local public school districts to lend textbooks on secular subjects to students in private and parochial schools based on the child benet theory.
  29. In Youngstown Sheet & Tube Co. v. Sawyer (1952), the Supreme Court _____ President Truman’s order having the federal government seize and operate the nation’s steel industry.
  30. In_____________, a narrowly divided Court held, in an opinion by Justice Alito, that “the Second Amendment right is fully applicable to the States.”
  31. enables a court to review a custodial situation and order the release of an individual who is found to have been illegally incarcerated.
  32. In _____________, the Supreme Court said that the Seventh Amendment does not provide the right to a jury trial where Congress “has created a ‘private’ right that is so closely integrated into a public regulatory scheme as to be a matter appropriate for agency resolution with limited involvement by the Article III judiciary.”
  33. In ______________, the Court upheld a state policy under which public school students who received parental permission left campus to attend religious services while other students attended study hall.
  34. The Supreme Court refused to entertain a claim brought on behalf of Joshua DeShaney against a publicly funded social agency because, in the stated view of the majority, no _________ was demonstrated.
  35. Which Justice wrote the Court’s opinion in Zelman v. Simmons- Harris (2002)?
  36. In The Federalist No. 84, _________________ argued that because the Constitution provided for limited government through enumerated powers, a Bill of Rights was unnecessary.
  37. What was the first case in which the Supreme Court applied the Establishment Clause to the states via the Fourteenth Amendment?
  38. At the time the Bill of Rights was ratified in 1791, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and ____________continued to recognize the Congregational Church as the ocial, state-sponsored religious denomination.
  39. Presidential power to commit military forces to foreign combat was rst exercised in 1801 by President ____
  40. In ________________, the Supreme Court upheld the treason conviction of a German-American who sheltered one of the Nazi saboteurs.
  41. Trace the Supreme Court’s use of the Child Benet Theory beginning in Everson v. Board of Education (1947). What are the major pillars of this theory and how has the Court made use of it over the years? Finally, in your opinion, is the Child Benet Theory consistent with the Establishment Clause? Why or why not?
  42. Explain the Fourteenth Amendment state action doctrine. How did this doctrine figure into the Supreme Court’s decision in DeShaney v. Winnebago Social Services (1989)?
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