CJUS420 Quiz Searches Evidence

CJUS420 Quiz Searches Evidence Information Gathering Arrests

  1. A search with consent must be voluntary.
  2. In order to obtain a valid search warrant, officers must appear before a judge and establish probable cause to believe that the location contains evidence of a crime, and they must _______________
    describe that evidence.
  3. A lane search, or partitioning the area into lanes:
  4. Interior searches go from the general to the specific, usually in a circular pattern, covering all surfaces of a search area.
  5. The Chimel decision established that a search incidental to a lawful arrest must be made simultaneously with the arrest. A search incidental to arrest must be confined to the:
  6. Which test is a way to determine if probable cause exists today?
  7. What are the limits on a “dog-sniff” search for narcotics at a traffic stop?
  8. There are some instances in which evidence may not exist at the crime scene.
  9. During a stop of a moving vehicle, officers may search the vehicle and any closed containers in it without probable cause or consent.
  10. The Carroll decision established that automobiles may be searched without a warrant, largely based on the _______________ of vehicles.
  11. Which tasks are primary responsibilities of the search team leader?
  12. The Supreme Court has ruled that probable cause should be based on a totality-of-the-_______________ t est.
  13. Describe the “plain feel/touch” exception to the exclusionary rule.
  14. How would you organize a search for a murder weapon inside an apartment?
  15. When probable cause exists but there is no time to obtain a search warrant, the officer may conduct a search. This is an example of an emergency, or _______________ circumstance.
  16. The consent to search must be in response to an officer’s claim of lawful authority or in response to a command or threat by an officer.
  17. A judge may issue a search warrant if which of the following items are being sought by an officer?
  18. Wyoming v. Houghton (1999) held that an officer may search an automobile passenger’s belongings simply because the officer suspects the driver has done something wrong. This ruling, which was intended to pr event drivers from claiming that illegal drugs or other contraband belong to passengers rather than themselves, is referred to as the
  19. In Wyoming v. Houghton, the court ruled that an officer may search the belongings of an automobile passenger simply because the officer suspects the driver has done something wrong.
  20. Every lawful arrest is accompanied by a search of the arrested person to protect the arresting officers and others and to prevent destruction of evidence.
  21. In United States v. Leon, the Court established that illegally obtained evidence may be admissible if the p olice were truly not aware they were violating a suspect’s Fourth Amendment rights. In this case, the poli ce were following up on a tip from an unreliable informant, which later invalidated the warrant. This exce ption is called the:
  22. The most important limitation on searches is that they must be:
  23. Describe limits on using thermal imaging in searches.
  24. Every lawful arrest is accompanied by a search of the arrested person to protect the arresting officers and to prevent:
  25. What is the plain-view doctrine?
  26. Plain-view evidence is admissible in court if the officer is engaged in lawful activity.
  27. The search of a vehicle does not require probable cause because vehicles are mobile.
  28. The common denominator of all search patterns is that they are designed to systematically locate any evidence at a crime scene or any other area where evidence might be found.
  29. Describe a situation in which an officer might use an anticipatory warrant.
  30. In Nix v. Williams, the Court said that if illegally obtained evidence (a statement, in this case, which led to a little girl’s body) would, in all likelihood, eventually have been discovered, legally it may be used. This is referred to as what exception to the exclusionary rule?
  31. How would you organize a search for a murder weapon in an open field?
  32. Dogs can be trained to search for explosives.
  33. Discuss whether dogs are subject to the same legal limitations on searches as officers.
  34. Consent to search is valid only if given:
  35. Hopefully, a well-organized, thorough, and proper organization of a crime scene search will result in:
  36. _______________ can be another factor that compromises the thoroughness of a search.
  37. When police take custody of a vehicle, the courts have upheld their right to inventory the vehicle to protect the owner’s property.
  38. In a unanimous ruling in United States v. Banks (2003), the Supreme Court upheld the _______________ entry into a suspected drug dealer’s apartment 15 to 20 seconds after police knocked and announced them selves.
  39. Define an uncontaminated crime scene.
  40. Define curtilage.
  41. Officers may use thermal-scanning devices without a warrant.
  42. Under the consent once removed exception, officers cannot make a warrantless entry to arrest a suspect if consent to enter was given earlier to an undercover officer or informant.
  43. In Georgia v. Randolph (2006), the Supreme Court said, “If any party who is present and has authority to object to the search does object to the search, the police may not conduct the search on the authority of th at party who gave consent.”
  44. Which of the following is a goal of a search during an investigation?
  45. The Fourth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution forbids what type of searches and seizures?
  46. Officers may not seize contraband they discover during a legal search, but must ask consent.
  47. A search conducted with a warrant must be limited to the specific area and specific items named in the warrant, in accordance with the _______________ requirement.
  48. A search warrant can be issued to search for and seize property that indicates a crime has been committed.
  49. The Carroll decision established that with probable cause:
  50. What do investigators need to search for in order to conduct an effective search?
  51. When asking for consent to search, a genuine _______________ reply must be
    given before conducting a search; an even better practice is to obtain a written consent to search.
  52. The landmark decision in Terry v. Ohio established police officers’ right to patdown or frisk a person they have stopped to question if they have reasonable suspicion that the person might be _______________ and
  53. Which rule states that courts will not accept evidence obtained by unreasonable search and seizure?
  54. In California v. Greenwood, the Supreme Court ruled that:
  55. In which of the following cases is a search legal?
  56. Mincey v. Arizona established that:
  57. The courts have ruled that when police take custody of a vehicle or other property, the police:
  58. Property owners can consent to police entry or search even though a tenant has lawful right of possession of the premises.
  59. A search conducted with a warrant must be limited to:
  60. In which 1984 case did the Supreme Court define a search as “a governmental infringement of a legitimat e expectation of privacy”?
  61. Physical evidence is:
  62. Emergency circumstances (such as officers hearing shots fired or screams) that allow officers to enter a h ome without a warrant are referred to as:
  63. What are the recognized exceptions in which investigators are permitted to conduct a search without obtaining a warrant?
  64. _______________ searches are prohibited by the Fourth Amendment.
  65. How would you proceed with the search of a dead body at a crime scene? What issues must be considered ?
  66. Terry v. Ohio supported officers’ right to:
  67. When is trash subject to search?
  68. Describe the “fruit-of-the-poisonous-tree” doctrine.
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