CJUS 340 Test 3

Liberty CJUS 340 Test 3 Answers

Set 1

  1. Which of the following is not one of the reasons why retail stores dominate as burglary targets?
  2. Which of the following is not an economic cost that may result from burglary?
  3. With respect to motor vehicle theft, the rate of reporting ________ with the income level of the household.
  4. Which of the following is not an indirect cost for victims of identity theft?
  5. During the 1980s, robbery began to _________ and burglary began to
  6. The most common commercial establishment to be targeted for burglary is a ________ establishment.
  7. A(n) ________ fence is one whose illicit lines of goods are distinct from those of legitimate commerce.
  8. The most frequent type of larceny, according to the UCR, is
  9. A fence commits the crime of
  10. Which category of burglars is most likely to contain mainly juveniles?
  11. According to Mike Maguire’s typology of burglars, ________ burglars are most likely to earn a significant living from the proceeds of their crimes.
  12. Which of the following is not one of the FBI’s major property crimes?
  13. The idea that white-collar crime may be motivated by a disparity between corporate goals and legitimate means was proposed by
  14. Which of the following is an example of environmental crime?
  15. According to Braithwaite, which of the following theories is not one of those that must be included in an integrated theory of organized crime,?
  16. Modern definitions of white-collar crime focus on the
  17. Creating new educational programs falls into which of Howard Abadinsky’s approaches to controlling organized crime?
  18. suggest(s) that white-collar criminals are motivated by the same forces that drive other criminals.
  19. Terrorists are involved in white-collar crimes for which of the following reasons?
  20. Who is victimized the most by healthcare fraud in the United States?
  21. The single most important piece of federal legislation that specifically targets organized crime activities is
  22. Which of the following is not a type of financial crime?
  23. Russian organized criminal groups currently operate in ________ American cities in the United States.
  24. According to Braithwaite, the central explanatory variable in all criminal activity is
  25. is the only other state in the United States in which the selling of sexual services is not specifically outlawed, although operating a brothel and engaging in solicitation for the purpose of prostitution are illegal.
  26. During the 19th century, the one drug, other than alcohol, that affected large numbers of Americans was
  27. are produced by slightly changing the chemical makeup of illegal or controlled substances.
  28. The Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified in
  29. The costs associated with investigation, arrest, adjudication, and parole and probation, plus the costs of incarceration incurred by the criminal justice system every year due to illegal drug use in the United States is
  30. According to the heroin signature program, the majority of heroin in the United States originates in
  31. tend to work conventions, sporting events, and business meetings.
  32. Eradicating cultivated marijuana plants within the United States falls into which of the major drug- control strategies?
  33. The ________ Act required the complete removal of heroin from all medicines.
  34. typically reduces criminal penalties associated with the personal possession of a controlled substance.
  35. The drug control strategy that authorizes judicial representatives to seize all proceeds traceable to the sale of illegal drugs is known as
  36. The heroin signature program identifies the ________ of a heroin sample.
  37. Which of the following amendments guarantees individuals to be secure in “persons, houses, papers, and effects, against unreasonable searches and seizures?”
  38. involves sharing mailbox access codes so that callers to toll-free numbers can leave messages for each other and avoid personal long-distance charges.
  39. This is a computer program that is designed to secretly invade computer systems to modify the way in which they operate or to alter the information they store.
  40. Which of the following best describes the average hacker?
  41. The ________ Act is part of the 2002 Homeland Security Act.
  42. Cybercrime costs the United States approximately ________ annually.
  43. A(n) ________ is a sequential record of system activities that are recorded in computer memory.
  44. Which of the following was the most damaging computer virus (in terms of dollars lost) of all time?
  45. involves using official-looking e-mail messages to steal valuable information.
  46. is a system used to match a suspect’s fingerprints against stored records.
  47. The ________ Act increased the amount of damages that could be awarded in cases of copyright infringement.
  48. Computer security experts established a rough profile of the average hacker. Describe the qualities of the average hacker, including motivation.
  49. Mike Maguire offered three basic categories of burglars. Name the three categories and detail who they are and what they do.
  50. Describe the difference between a professional criminal, a persistent thief, and an occasional offender.

Other sets

  1. To what exactly did the concept of white‐collar crime originally refer?
  2. Which of the following would be an example of Abadinsky’s approach of increasing law enforcement authority?
  3. A(n) __________ crime is any act punishable by law that is committed through opportunity created in the course of a legal occupation.
  4. The single most important piece of federal legislation that specifically targets organized crime activities is
  5. The Black Hand specialized in
  6. Creating new educational programs falls into which of Howard Abadinsky’s approaches to controlling organized crime?
  7. __________ acted as a quasi‐police organization in the Italian ghetto areas of American cities during the industrial era.
  8. Russian organized crime is involved in all of the following activities except
  9. The Securities and Exchange Commission was created by the __________ Act.
  10. Early definitions of white‐collar crime focused on the
  11. Which of the following is an example of environmental crime?
  12. Russian organized criminal groups currently operate in __________ American cities in the United States.
  13. __________ tend to work conventions, sporting events, and business meetings.
  14. Which of the following drugs is not a stimulant?
  15. The Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified in
  16. Which of the following is not an argument in favor of legalization of prostitution?
  17. Frequent and prolonged use of narcotics may result in
  18. Which of the following is not a narcotic?
  19. The __________ of controlled substances results in the elimination of laws which prohibit the production, sale, distribution, and possession of drugs.
  20. During the 19th century, the one drug, other than alcohol, that affected large numbers of Americans was
  21. Eradicating cultivated marijuana plants within the United States falls into which of the major drug‐control strategies?
  22. __________ is a relatively mild, nonaddictive drug with limited hallucinogenic properties.
  23. The __________ Act required the complete removal of heroin from all medicines.
  24. Which of the following is a drug‐related crime?
  25. Malware involves
  26. Which of the following is not an indirect cost for victims of identity theft?
  27. Which of the following best describes the average hacker?
  28. __________ involves sharing mailbox access codes so that callers to toll‐free numbers can leave messages for each other and avoid personal long‐distance charges.
  29. The Information Analysis and Infrastructure Protection Squad currently operates within the
  30. The primary motivation of the average hacker is
  31. A(n) __________ is a sequential record of system activities that are recorded in computer memory.
  32. __________ involves using official‐looking e‐mail messages to steal valuable information.
  33. The __________ Act is part of the 2002 Homeland Security Act.
  34. The __________ Act increased the amount of damages that could be awarded in cases of copyright infringement.
  35. Which of the following factors was not considered by the U.S. Sentencing Commission in the creation of new sentencing guidelines for computer criminals?
  36. According to the FBI typology of cybercrime, embezzlement is an example of
  37. The key factor that distinguishes an act of terrorism from a violent criminal act is
  38. __________ involves illegal immigration in which an agent is paid to help a person cross a border clandestinely or through deception.
  39. Which of the following is an example of a state‐sponsored terrorist group?
  40. Al‐Qaeda is an example of __________ terrorism.
  41. __________ is a process of social homogenization by which the experiences of everyday life can foster a standardization of cultural expression around the world.
  42. Which of the following statements about terrorism is true?
  43. Which of the following is not one of the five directorates of the Department of Homeland Security?
  44. Which of the following is not an element of trafficking in persons?
  45. Which of the following agencies is not part of the Department of Homeland Security?
  46. __________ terrorists want to change the entire political, social and economic system of a country.
  47. The Irish Republican Army is an example of __________ terrorism
  48. __________ suggests that corporate culture socializes budding executives into clandestine and frequently illegal behavioral modalities.
  49. __________ suggested that crime, like other systematic criminality, is learned.
  50. The Department of Homeland Security was established by the __________ of 2002.
  51. According to Hirschi and Gottfredson, the personal characteristics of most white‐collar workers are those that we would expect to produce
  52. The first federal legislation aimed specifically at curtailing organized crime activities was the __________ Act.
  53. The idea that white‐collar crime may be motivated by a disparity between corporate goals and legitimate means was proposed by
  54. Russian organized crime is involved in all of the following activities except
  55. The Black Hand specialized in
  56. Modern definitions of white‐collar crime focus on the
  57. To what exactly did the concept of white‐collar crime originally refer?
  58. Which of the following would be an example of Abadinsky’s approach of increasing law enforcement authority?
  59. The Securities and Exchange Commission was created by the __________ Act.
  60. Russian organized criminal groups currently operate in __________ American cities in the United States.
  61. Which of the following is an example of environmental crime?
  62. The single most important piece of federal legislation that specifically targets organized crime activities is
  63. Eradicating cultivated marijuana plants within the United States falls into which of the major drug‐control strategies?
  64. The drug control strategy that authorizes judicial representatives to seize all proceeds traceable to the sale of illegal drugs is known as
  65. __________ tend to work conventions, sporting events, and business meetings.
  66. The __________ Act increased penalties for the manufacture and possession of equipment used to make controlled substances.
  67. The __________ Act required the complete removal of heroin from all medicines.
  68. __________ typically reduces criminal penalties associated with the personal possession of a controlled substance.
  69. Which of the following drugs is not a stimulant?
  70. The Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution was ratified in
  71. Frequent and prolonged use of narcotics may result in
  72. Which of the following is a drug‐related crime?
  73. In __________, the selling of sexual services is not specifically outlawed.
  74. __________ are easily available in many legitimate shops.
  75. The primary motivation of the average hacker is
  76. Which of the following is not an indirect cost for victims of identity theft?
  77. Which of the following factors was not considered by the U.S. Sentencing Commission in the creation of new sentencing guidelines for computer criminals?
  78. Which of the following best describes the average hacker?
  79. __________ is a system used to match a suspect’s fingerprints against stored records.
  80. __________ involves sharing mailbox access codes so that callers to toll‐free numbers can leave messages for each other and avoid personal long‐distance charges.
  81. According to the FBI typology of cybercrime, embezzlement is an example of
  82. The __________ Act is part of the 2002 Homeland Security Act.
  83. The __________ Act criminalized the willful infringement of copyrighted works by electronic means
  84. A(n) __________ is a sequential record of system activities that are recorded in computer memory.
  85. The __________ Act increased the amount of damages that could be awarded in cases of copyright infringement.
  86. __________ involves using official‐looking e‐mail messages to steal valuable information.
  87. Which of the following is not an element of trafficking in persons?
  88. The key factor that distinguishes an act of terrorism from a violent criminal act is
  89. __________ terrorists are revolutionaries, who are anticapitalist and antiauthoritarian.
  90. __________ is a process of social homogenization by which the experiences of everyday life can foster a standardization of cultural expression around the world.
  91. Ethnocentrism involves
  92. __________ terrorists want to change the entire political, social and economic system of a country.
  93. Which of the following agencies is not part of the Department of Homeland Security?
  94. Which of the following is not one of the five directorates of the Department of Security?
  95. __________ involves illegal immigration in which an agent is paid to help a person cross a border clandestinely or through deception.
  96. Al‐Qaeda is an example of __________ terrorism.
  97. The Irish Republican Army is an example of __________ terrorism
  98. __________ suggests that corporate culture socializes budding executives into clandestine and frequently illegal behavioral modalities.
  99. The __________ Directorate of the Department of Homeland Security is responsible for ensuring that the U.S. is prepared for, and able to recover from, terrorist attacks and natural disasters.
  100. The __________ Act directed the U.S. Sentencing Commission to take certain factors into account in creating new sentencing guidelines for computer criminals.
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