CJUS 310 Quiz 3

Liberty CJUS 310 Quiz 3 Answers

Set 1

  1. In Breed v. Jones, the Supreme Court ruled that juveniles are protected against double jeopardy.
  2. One of the most important alternatives chosen at intake is nonjudicial disposition, or as it is most commonly known:
  3. According to the text, plea-bargaining is less common in juvenile courts than in adult courts.
  4. In a _____, a hearing is held before a juvenile court judge who then decides whether jurisdiction should be waived and the case transferred to the adult court.
  5. Delinquent children are detained if the police believe they are inclined to run away while awaiting trial, or if they are likely to commit an offense dangerous to the parent.
  6. For the first sixty years of its existence, the juvenile court did not include a prosecutor, because the concept of an adversary process was seen as inconsistent with the philosophy of treatment.
  7. Today, as a result of two Supreme Court cases, _____, states that have transfer hearings provide a legitimate transfer hearing, sufficient notice to the child’s family and defense attorney, the right to counsel, and a statement of the reason for the court order regarding transfer.
  8. Which of the following is not one of the duties of the juvenile court judge?
  9. In many rural areas where public defender programs are not available, juveniles who cannot afford an attorney are denied the right to counsel.
  10. is addressed in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
  11. The term intake refers to the initial hearing that is required when a juvenile is detained.
  12. A juvenile with an extensive criminal record is most likely to get diversion.
  13. The United States Supreme Court upheld the practice of preventive detention in _____. They argued that the practice protects the juvenile and society from pretrial crime.
  14. In about half the states, a(n_____ sentence, means having the judge place the offender with the state department of juvenile corrections until correctional authorities consider the youth ready to return to society or until the youth reaches legal majority.
  15. Nonjudicial adjustment and handling or processing are all names for what is commonly known as diversion.
  16. In Roper v. Simmons, the U.S. Supreme Court put an end to:
  17. The typical delinquent detainee is all of the following except:
  18. Once the agency makes a decision that judicial disposition is required, a _____ is filed.
  19. A _____ is the report made by the police or some other agency to the court to initiate the intake process.
  20. In Montana, about 44 percent of juvenile defense attorneys surveyed reported that they rarely or never see the police report or other investigative material prior to their first meeting with a client.
  21. is a non-secure residence that provides counseling, education, job training, and family living. The institutional quality of the environment is minimized.
  22. In _____, a federal court argued that rehabilitation is the true purpose of the juvenile court and that, without that goal, due process guarantees are violated.
  23. involve one or two juveniles who live with a family, usually a husband and wife, who serve as surrogate parents.
  24. type of counseling requires an extensive analysis of the individual’s childhood experiences.
  25. is the primary form of correctional treatment used by the juvenile justice system.
  26. Which state was the first to close most of its secure juvenile facilities after decades of reported abuses, opting instead for a community based model for juvenile justice?
  27. is based on the theory that all behavior is learned and that current behavior can be shaped through rewards and punishments.
  28. Most research indicates that the failure rate is high and that younger offenders who commit petty crimes are the most likely to fail when placed in intensive supervision programs.
  29. Which of the following statements is true about institutionalized youth?
  30. Private facilities tend to house older youths, whereas public institutions provide custodial care for younger ones.
  31. The primary goal of JIPS is incarceration.
  32. Minority youths accused of delinquent acts are less likely than European American youths to be diverted from the court system into informal sanctions.
  33. The _____ model developed by David Altschuler and Troy Armstrong offers a continuum of intervention for serious juvenile offenders returning to the community following placement.
  34. combine elements of foster care and group home placements and are run by a single family rather than staff members.
  35. In the juvenile court, probation is often ordered for an indefinite period.
  36. In _____, the offender is required to stay home during specific periods of time; monitoring is done by random phone calls and visits or by electronic devices.
  37. Which of the following items was not identified as one of the minimum standards for all juveniles confined in training schools in the Inmates of the Boys’ Training School v. Affleck decision?
  38. Hand restraints and tranquilizing drugs are still legally allowed in juvenile correctional facilities.
  39. Which of the following is one of the seven core values of restorative justice described in the text?
  40. In the second half of the 19th century, emphasis shifted from reform schools to the:

Other sets

  1. In many rural areas where public defender programs are not available, juveniles who cannot afford an attorney are denied the right to counsel.
  2. In about twenty‐nine states, certain offenses are automatically excluded from juvenile court; this type of legislation is called:
  3. According to the text, more than 90 percent of all adult defendants plead:
  4. Today, as a result of two Supreme Court cases, _____, states that have transfer hearings provide a legitimate transfer hearing, sufficient notice to the child’s family and defense attorney, the right to counsel, and a statement of the reason for the court order regarding transfer.
  5. In about half the states, a(n_____ sentence, means having the judge place the offender with the state department of juvenile corrections until correctional authorities consider the youth ready to return to society or until the youth reaches legal majority.
  6. According to the text, about _____ percent of delinquency cases in 2005 involved males.
  7. For the first sixty years of its existence, the juvenile court did not include a prosecutor, because the concept of an adversary process was seen as inconsistent with the philosophy of treatment.
  8. Courts must provide counsel to indigent defendants who face the possibility of incarceration.
  9. In about fifteen states, the prosecutor has the discretion of filing charges for certain offenses in either juvenile or criminal court, this is called:
  10. The most recent federal study of waiver found that _____ percent of juveniles tried in criminal court were sent to prison.
  11. In Montana, about 44 percent of juvenile defense attorneys surveyed reported that they rarely or never see the police report or other investigative material prior to their first meeting with a client.
  12. A juvenile with an extensive criminal record is most likely to get diversion.
  13. The primary goal of the guardian ad litem is to act:
  14. The term intake refers to the initial hearing that is required when a juvenile is detained.
  15. Delinquent children are detained if the police believe they are inclined to run away while awaiting trial, or if they are likely to commit an offense dangerous to the parent.
  16. In the key constitutional case in the juvenile justice system, Gault was charged with:
  17. In a study of the extent of racial discrimination and disparity among juvenile property offenders in Missouri at four stages of juvenile justice, it was found that:
  18. is addressed in the Fifth and Fourteenth Amendments to the U.S. Constitution.
  19. A guardian ad litem is often an attorney who represents the child during special legal proceedings, including abuse, neglect, and dependency cases.
  20. In Breed v. Jones, the Supreme Court ruled that juveniles are protected against double jeopardy.
  21. Open institutions are correctional institutions that restrict the movement of juveniles but not their adult residents.
  22. In _____, a federal court argued that rehabilitation is the true purpose of the juvenile court and that, without that goal, due process guarantees are violated.
  23. Murray and Cox report there is a _____, a reduction in the number of arrests per year, following release from a secure treatment facility.
  24. The federal government prohibits states from placing status offenders in separate facilities that are similar in form and function to those facilities used for delinquent offenders.
  25. Minority youths accused of delinquent acts are less likely than European American youths to be diverted from the court system into informal sanctions.
  26. Although there are more coed institutions for juveniles than in the past, most girls remain incarcerated in single‐sex institutions.
  27. Private facilities tend to house older youths, whereas public institutions provide custodial care for younger ones.
  28. The primary goal of JIPS is incarceration.
  29. In the juvenile court, probation is often ordered for an indefinite period.
  30. Most juveniles are housed in private institutions that are administered by private corporations.
  31. In the second half of the 19th century, emphasis shifted from reform schools to the:
  32. is the primary form of correctional treatment used by the juvenile justice system.
  33. According to the text, Vermont and Hawaii have the lowest juvenile custody rates.
  34. Schneider and associates found that less than 30 percent of youths who received restitution as a condition of probation successfully completed their court order.
  35. Which of the following best describes the effectiveness of Juvenile Intensive Probation Supervision?
  36. is a contract between the court and the juvenile.
  37. The growing involvement of female youths in criminal behavior has drawn more attention to the female juvenile offender. This attention has revealed that:
  38. Programs that combine get‐tough elements with education, substance abuse treatment, and social skills training are generally referred to as:
  39. In _____, the offender is required to stay home during specific periods of time; monitoring is done by random phone calls and visits or by electronic devices.
  40. is based on the theory that all behavior is learned and that current behavior can be shaped through rewards and punishments.
  41. A guardian ad litem is often an attorney who represents the child during special legal proceedings, including abuse, neglect, and dependency cases.
  42. Like adults, juveniles are entitled to public trials by a jury of their peers.
  43. Delinquent children are detained if the police believe they are inclined to run away while awaiting trial, or if they are likely to commit an offense dangerous to the parent.
  44. Although adults retain the right to bail in most cases via the Eighth Amendment, most states refuse juveniles the right to bail.
  45. In Roper v. Simmons, the U.S. Supreme Court put an end to:
  46. For the first sixty years of its existence, the juvenile court did not include a prosecutor, because the concept of an adversary process was seen as inconsistent with the philosophy of treatment.
  47. According to the text, more than 90 percent of all adult defendants plead:
  48. According to the prevailing juvenile justice philosophy, dispositions should be in the best interest of the public.
  49. In Montana, about 44 percent of juvenile defense attorneys surveyed reported that they rarely or never see the police report or other investigative material prior to their first meeting with a client.
  50. Which of the following best describes the United States Supreme Court’s ruling in Breed v. Jones?
  51. According to the text, _____ percent of the juvenile court population was made up of African American youth.
  52. The United States Supreme Court upheld the practice of preventive detention in _____. They argued that the practice protects the juvenile and society from pretrial crime.
  53. According to the text, about _____ percent of delinquency cases in 2005 involved males.
  54. In a study of the extent of racial discrimination and disparity among juvenile property offenders in Missouri at four stages of juvenile justice, it was found that:
  55. In 1989, the Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act of 1974 was amended to prohibit:
  56. In about half the states, a(n_____ sentence, means having the judge place the offender with the state department of juvenile corrections until correctional authorities consider the youth ready to return to society or until the youth reaches legal majority.
  57. The most recent federal study of waiver found that _____ percent of juveniles tried in criminal court were sent to prison.
  58. Which of the following is not one of the duties of the juvenile court judge?
  59. There are three alternatives for providing children with legal counsel. Which of the following is not of these alternatives?
  60. According to the text, plea‐bargaining is less common in juvenile courts than in adult courts.
  61. Most states have extended the same legal rights enjoyed by adults at parole revocation hearings to juveniles who are in danger of losing their aftercare privileges.
  62. Which of the following is one of the seven core values of restorative justice described in the text?
  63. The federal government prohibits states from placing status offenders in separate facilities that are similar in form and function to those facilities used for delinquent offenders.
  64. In the second half of the 19th century, emphasis shifted from reform schools to the:
  65. Which of the following items was not identified as one of the minimum standards for all juveniles confined in training schools in the Inmates of the Boys’ Training School v. Affleck decision?
  66. Which of the following juveniles is the most likely recipient of Juvenile Intensive Probation Supervision?
  67. Today, all fifty states and the District of Columbia have statutory restitution programs.
  68. Which of the following statements about balanced probation is true?
  69. In _____, all aspects of the environment are part of the treatment, and meaningful change, increased growth, and satisfactory adjustment are encouraged.
  70. is a non‐secure residence that provides counseling, education, job training, and family living. The institutional quality of the environment is minimized.
  71. Private facilities tend to house older youths, whereas public institutions provide custodial care for younger ones.
  72. Balanced probation systems:
  73. According to the text, Vermont and Hawaii have the lowest juvenile custody rates.
  74. are rules mandating that a juvenile on probation behave in a particular way, and can include restitution, counseling, and educational and vocational programs.
  75. Minority youths accused of delinquent acts are less likely than European American youths to be diverted from the court system into informal sanctions.
  76. The typical resident of a juvenile facility is a seventeen years old, European American male.
  77. Programs involving outdoor expeditions that provide opportunities for juveniles to confront the difficulties of their lives while achieving positive personal satisfaction are generally referred to as:
  78. involve one or two juveniles who live with a family, usually a husband and wife, who serve as surrogate parents.
  79. Programs that combine get‐tough elements with education, substance abuse treatment, and social skills training are generally referred to as:
  80. A policy known as _____ mandates that a youth should not be put in a secure institution if a community based program is available.
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