According to Drs. Campbell and Habermas, what are the most prominent theories that oppose Jesus’ resurrection? What is your response to contemporary opponents of Jesus’ resurrection?
Dene the Moral Inuence Theory of the atonement.
Assess the statement, “atonement theories are not the reality but explanations of its working.”
Discuss how Jesus’ resurrection was central to the early gospel proclamations, citing specic examples from the NT sermons (i.e., Acts) and epistles.
Dene the Penal Substitution theory of the atonement.
Dene the Recapitulation Theory of the atonement.
Describe the minimal facts approach to support Jesus’ resurrection. What is the purpose of the approach? How many minimal facts do the critics allow? What are the six plus one minimal facts Dr. Habermas uses to support Jesus’ resurrection?
Is it reasonable to believe in another world, a supernatural reality? How do you support your view of a supernatural reality?
Dene the Satisfaction Theory of the atonement.
Discuss how each of the three OT texts listed below serve as the lens for viewing and provide the basic framework for understanding the atonement (6 pts., 150-175 words).
Describe the seven prominent images the NT authors use to express what Jesus accomplished by giving himself up for us/in our place/on our behalf. List, describe, and provide at least one Bible reference for each NT image of Christ’s sacrice.
Dene the Ransom Theory of the atonement.
After assessing the dierent theories of the atonement, defend biblically (providing precise biblical support interpreted contextually) the one you think best accounts for biblical theology as expressed through the Grand Narrative of Scripture (i.e. the Scripture’s larger story of redemption). (150-175 words)
Dene the Governmental Theory of the atonement.
Discuss the theological signicance of Jesus’ bodily resurrection. Consider especially the speeches in Acts, 1 Corinthians 15, and Philippians 3.
Why is it important to take all the NT images related to atonement into account?
In light of the Servant Songs of Isaiah (42:1–4; 49:1–6; 50:4–9; 53; 61:1–3), how did Jesus of Nazareth as the Messiah (Mk 8:29) and Lamb of God (Jn 1:29; 19:14; 1 Cor 5:7) accomplish atonement for the sins of humanity?
In light of Leviticus 16, how did Jesus of Nazareth as the Messiah (Mk 8:29) and Lamb of God (Jn 1:29; 19:14; 1 Cor 5:7) accomplish atonement for the sins of humanity?
Dene the Christus Victor theory of the atonement.
Overview contemporary discussions of the atonement as they center on three questions related to violence, context, and language.
In light of Exodus 12 (the Exodus and Passover), how did Jesus of Nazareth as the Messiah (Mk 8:29) and Lamb of God (Jn 1:29; 19:14; 1 Cor 5:7) accomplish atonement for the sins of humanity?