SOCI 200 Exam 2

SOCI 200 Exam 2 Liberty University Answers

Set 1

  1. The family is a primary group.
  2. Primary groups and secondary groups are types of _____.
  3. Social interaction is a characteristic of _____.
  4. Relative deprivation occurs when someone owns less than other members of his or her _____ group.
  5. _____ are usually voluntary associations.
  6. What is an achieved status?
  7. A bureaucracy is an organization in chaos without hierarchy, rules, or goals.
  8. What is social status?
  9. What is hiring and promotion based on in bureaucracies?
  10. How do in-groups and out-groups differ?
  11. How are bureaucracies characterized?
  12. What will a cohesive group do?
  13. Cooley theorized that the idea of self requires no interaction.
  14. An individual uses ________ to tell the audience or others that the self is not what it appears to be.
  15. What is the most dramatic type of resocialization?
  16. Based on Spitz’s study of children in hospitals, what is the difference between the foundling home and the nursing home?
  17. Children develop through natural stages of learning whether or not they interact with others.
  18. Human embarrassment is a learned reaction to the failure of maintaining self.
  19. The family is the only socializer of children.
  20. Which of the following is true about the wild boy of Aveyron?
  21. What are sociobiologists?
  22. According to sociologists, why do children develop slowly when they are isolated?
  23. Cooley called the process of self-development and awareness the _____ self.
  24. We learn human behavior by interacting with others.
  25. Deviant behavior may vary from _____.
  26. According to conflict theorists, what is deviance?
  27. Deviance is behavior that violates norms.
  28. What does “having a conscience” assume?
  29. The absolutist view argues that deviance stems from which of the following?
  30. What is deviance?
  31. Which of the following is true about an extra Y chromosome in males?
  32. Deviance is variation from a set of norms or shared social expectations
  33. Endomorph, mesomorph, and ectomorph are terms used to describe which of the following?
  34. What can people do when they cannot conform to society’s goals?
  35. According to Merton, _________ occurs when people accept society’s goals but adopt disapproved means for achieving them.
  36. According to labeling theory, how does a deviant career originate?
  37. Any behavior that is considered deviant in a man would also be considered deviant in a woman.
  38. What are the opportunities a person has to improve his or her income and lifestyle called?
  39. The move to urban areas and the increased standard of living has improved the income of many Americans.
  40. The majority of people in the United States are in the _____ class.
  41. The 2011 median income in the United States for women with full-time jobs is closest to which of the following?
  42. Which of the following is true about simple horticultural societies?
  43. Which of the following is true about agrarian societies?
  44. People generally feel most comfortable with people who are which of the following?
  45. Our position in the stratification system influences not only our chances to earn income, but just about everything in our lives.
  46. Social status is based on belonging to the right political party.
  47. Middle-class people in the United States own most of the wealth of the nation.
  48. Which of the following is true about industrial societies?
  49. The top 1% of households own nearly what percent of privately held wealth in the United States?
  50. Some people in the United States are so poor that they do not have a place to live.

Other sets

  1. According to Durkheim, what created the division of labor?
  2. According to labeling theory, when does a person become a deviant?
  3. According to labeling theory, when does deviance occur?
  4. According to Merton, _________ occurs when people accept society’s goals but adopt disapproved means for achieving them.
  5. According to the social pathological view of deviance, where does deviance originate?
  6. According to Weber, social status refers to which of the following?
  7. Almost all males with XYY chromosomes are in jail.
  8. As the size of groups increases, all but which of the following is true?
  9. Based on Spitz’s study of children in hospitals, what is the difference between the foundling home and the nursing home?
  10. Children develop through natural stages of learning whether or not they interact with others.
  11. Conflict theorists maintain that if people would conform to norms, there would be no oppression.
  12. Cooley theorized that the idea of self requires no interaction.
  13. Deviant behavior may vary from _____.
  14. Endomorph, mesomorph, and ectomorph are terms used to describe which of the following?
  15. Goffman compared social interaction to _____.
  16. Groups are organizations with clearly stated goals.
  17. How are bureaucracies characterized?
  18. How do in‐groups tend to see out‐groups?
  19. How does role conflict occur?
  20. How does the mass media teach gender role behavior?
  21. How does the rate of poverty in the United States compare to other countries?
  22. In 2009, roughly how many Americans were without health insurance? 2 out of 2 points
  23. In sociology, how is poverty defined?
  24. Initially, children take the role of only one other person at a time.
  25. Innovation, ritualism, and retreatism are modes of adapting to anomie.
  26. Kohlberg’s stages of moral development include all of the following except the _____ stage.
  27. Medical care is not distributed equally in the United States.
  28. Merit selection based on skills is found in _____.
  29. Middle‐class people in the United States own most of the wealth of the nation.
  30. Occupational training teaches the attitudes and values associated with an occupation as well as the skills needed to perform occupational tasks.
  31. Once we present a self, it is assumed by all that that self will be maintained.
  32. Our position in the stratification system influences not only our chances to earn income, but just about everything in our lives.
  33. Peer groups are the opposite of reference groups.
  34. People generally feel most comfortable with people who are which of the following?
  35. Reference groups give us an important source of information about ourselves.
  36. Relative deprivation occurs when someone owns less than other members of his or her _____ group.
  37. Research has shown that young people in the United States today spend more time _____.
  38. Role‐taking is learned by pretending to be someone else.
  39. Secondary groups are impersonal, but primary groups can form within them.
  40. Social class, according to Weber, is based on which of the following?
  41. Social groups are important in whose lives?
  42. Social interaction is a characteristic of _____.
  43. Sociologists generally agree that when stratification occurs, which of the following exists?
  44. Some people in the United States are so poor that they do not have a place to live.
  45. The __________ is considered the primary agency of socialization in the United States.
  46. The 2011 median income in the United States for women with full‐time jobs is closest to which of the following?
  47. The American class system fluctuates a great deal from year to year.
  48. The caste system is found only in industrial nations.
  49. The family is the only socializer of children.
  50. The legal system treats all status groups equally.
  51. The looking‐glass self is based on our interpretation of how we are seen by others see.
  52. The majority of people in the United States are in the _____ class.
  53. The move to urban areas and the increased standard of living has improved the income of many Americans.
  54. The presentation of self is a form of behavior always used to avoid exposure of the real self.
  55. The school you attend is _____.
  56. The view that deviance can be interpreted only in terms of the culture in which it is found is the _____ view.
  57. The war on drugs has been highly successful.
  58. To what does Merton’s theory of anomie refer?
  59. We are role‐taking when we expect someone to behave in a particular way.
  60. What are characteristics of hunting and gathering societies?
  61. What are reference groups?
  62. What are sociobiologists?
  63. What can people do when they cannot conform to society’s goals?
  64. What do schools teach?
  65. What does “having a conscience” assume?
  66. What does labeling theory describe and analyze?
  67. What is a master status?
  68. What is a social role?
  69. What is a unique factor in peer groups?
  70. What is an ideal bureaucracy?
  71. What is considered deviant is the same for _____.
  72. What is hiring and promotion based on in bureaucracies?
  73. What is the major difference between primary and secondary groups?
  74. When does gender role socialization begin?
  75. Where does deviance occur?
  76. Which of the following is true about an extra Y chromosome in males?
  77. Which of the following is true about simple horticultural societies?
  78. Which of the following is true about the dominant group in society, according to conflict theorists?
  79. Which of the following is true about the wild boy of Aveyron?
  80. Which of the following is true of official statistics on crime?
  81. Which of the following is true regarding television?
  82. Which of the following occurs in a formal organization?
  83. Why can’t poverty be solved by finding jobs for the adult poor population?
  84. Why do conflict theorists suggest that stratification occurs?
  85. Why do most people not behave in deviant ways?
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