PSYC 255 Quiz 2

PSYC 255 Quiz 2 Liberty University

Set 1

  1. The first step to survey construction is to think about the purpose of the survey.  This is important for all the reasons below except:
  2. Kona and Kuri are trying to decide on which research method they should employ for a project in their research methods class.  They have decided to use a correlational research method.  Of the reasons listed below, what is the best reason why Jason and Kelly selected this method?
  3. What is the first step to questionnaire construction?
  4. Social desirability occurs when….
  5. Which of the following is not an advantage to survey research?
  6. Gazdzinski and colleagues examined the relationship between weight of individuals and biochemical deficiencies.  This was an example of what type of research?
  7. Kona and Kuri are trying to decide on which research method they should employ for a project in their research methods class.  They have decided to use a correlational research method.  Of the reasons below, what is the best reason why Jason and Kelly selected this method?
  8. A friend in your class wants to construct close-ended questions for a survey.  From the reasons listed below, why do you think your friend is interested in using close-ended questions?
  9. Which example below best illustrates a negative correlation?
  10. Survey research allows to you to investigate __________.
  11. What type of research evaluates the relationship among variables?
  12. This chapter discusses research by the National Sleep Foundation finding that 36% of respondents reported falling asleep while driving.  These results were obtained from what type of research?
  13. Which sentence below does not accurately describe correlations?
  14. Why might a researcher select to use a naturalistic observation?
  15. Which of the following is not a suggestion for survey construction?
  16. Which of the following statements is correct?
  17. Which of the following is not one of the three most common types of validity?
  18. Consider the following research question, “Does the type of advertisement influence the level of interest in the toothpaste?”  To answer this question, a marketing researcher has participants view a Facebook advertisement or watch the television advertisement about the toothpaste.  Next, the researcher asks all participants to indicate their interest in buying the toothpaste.  In this example, what is the dependent variable?
  19. Owens et al. (2011) manipulated texting while driving conditions (i.e., driving with no texting, driving while texting on a personal phone, driving while texting using an in-vehicle texting system) to see if this influenced visual and steering behaviors of drivers. Participants completed the task by texting the researcher on a closed course. In this design, the texting condition served as the __________.
  20. A variable is __________.
  21. __________ is a reliability assessment where a measure is divided into two halves and the halves are compared.
  22. __________ is the likelihood that the instrument used to measure a variable actually is related to the topic or theory of interest.
  23. Which of the following is not a subject variable?
  24. __________ is confidence in saying the observed change in the dependent variable is due to the independent variable.
  25. The control group is the group of participants __________.
  26. If a researcher is comparing a new method or technique to the current method or technique, what would participants in the control group be exposed to?
  27. Generally, in a well-designed study, the change observed in the dependent variable is a result of the _____.
  28. A researcher is interested in determining if different exercise programs have an influence on the amount of weight that participants lose.  Upon arriving to the experiment, the researcher assigns the participants to different exercise programs and measures the amount of weight lost over a two-month period.  In this example, the exercise programs are the _________.
  29. __________ states that your measure should be similar to other measures of the same variable.
  30. Which of the following statements best describes a subject variable?

Set 2

  1. Social desirability occurs when….
  2. Which of the following is an example of archival research?
  3. Survey research allows to you to investigate __________.
  4. Which of the following is an example of a source of information for archival research?
  5. Gazdzinski and colleagues examined the relationship between weight of individuals and biochemical deficiencies.  This was an example of what type of research?
  6. Researchers studied Clive Wearing to better understand which of the following phenomena?
  7. Gazdzinski and colleagues found that as weight increased for individuals, neuronal health decreased.  These results indicate what type of correlation?
  8. For a project in your research methods class, you conducted a correlational research method.  You know that this method does not allow you to determine cause and effect.  Thus, you must ask yourself which of the following question (s) when you are looking at the results?
  9. Research has found that as ice cream sales increase, so too do murder rates.  What most likely explains these findings?
  10. What type of research evaluates the relationship among variables?
  11. Why might a researcher select to use a naturalistic observation?
  12. Which of the following is similar to archival research in the use of existing documents?
  13. Which of the following is not a suggestion for survey construction?
  14. Which of the following is not an advantage to survey research?
  15. A friend in your class wants to construct close-ended questions for a survey.  From the reasons listed below, why do you think your friend is interested in using close-ended questions?
  16. Generally, in a well-designed study, the change observed in the dependent variable is a result of the _____.
  17. The dependent variable is __________.
  18. A researcher is interested in determining if different exercise programs have an influence on the amount of weight that participants lose.  Upon arriving to the experiment, the researcher assigns the participants to different exercise programs and measures the amount of weight lost over a two-month period.  In this example, the amount of weight lost is the _________.
  19. __________ is a reliability assessment where a measure is divided into two halves and the halves are compared.
  20. Recently, the Mozart effect was studied by Jones and Estell by dividing high school participants into two groups.  The first group listened to Mozart’s music and the second group did not.  Both groups completed a series of spatial problems tasks.  Results showed that the group of participants who listened to Mozart’s music had higher scores on the spatial problems tasks.  In this example, what is the independent variable?
  21. Consider the following example: a marketing researcher wants to know the influence of participants’ gender on willingness to buy toothpaste.  In this example, participants’ gender is the __________.
  22. Recently, the Mozart effect was studied by Jones and Estell by dividing high school participants into two groups.  The first group listened to Mozart’s music and the second group did not.  Both groups completed a series of spatial problems tasks.  Results showed that the group of participants who listened to Mozart’s music had higher scores on the spatial problems tasks.  In this example, what is the dependent variable?
  23. A(n) __________ is a characteristic or attribute of a participant that can impact a study.
  24. __________ is a reliability assessment where a measure is tested on two different occasions.
  25. Chapter 5 begins with an Are You Equipped exercise highlighting the impact of texting while walking.  In this example, two conditions of texting while walking or not texting served as the __________.
  26. Consider the following research question, “Does the type of advertisement influence the level of interest in the toothpaste?”  To answer this question, a marketing researcher has participants view a Facebook advertisement or watch the television advertisement about the toothpaste.  Next, the researcher asks all participants to indicate their interest in buying the toothpaste.  In this example, what is the dependent variable?
  27. A variable is __________.
  28. The independent variable is __________.
  29. What variables are essential to research?
  30. __________ is confidence in saying the observed change in the dependent variable is due to the independent variable.
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