In 2007, life expectancy was at the highest level ever. These declines in deaths were presumably a result of collaboration between:
A countrywide cholera epidemic and a yellow fever epidemic between 1853 and 1858 killed how many people?
What percentage of healthcare costs do federal, state, and local governments through Medicare and Medicaid cover?
By 1900, infectious disease epidemics had been brought under control as a result of improving which of the following?
Preventive healthcare services improve health by which of the following?
During the second half of the nineteenth century, the United States most critical health problems were:
The five leading causes of death for those 65 and over in 2007 were:
What type of illnesses related to genetics, lifestyle, and the environment will require a reexamination of methods of intervention?
What factor is a major barrier to obtaining most healthcare services?
Advice on prenatal nutrition and cardiovascular fitness is considered a ________ offered by the federal government.
The focus for public health practitioners is mainly to:
The greatest problem facing the health care industry in the 21st century is:
Health care that is provided outside of institutional settings is considered:
Early health care services can be described as:
In most cases the federal government has _______ authority in directing health related services.
The community mental health center network was conceived in the late _______ to discharge residents from institutions back into the community.
In the early 19th century the focus of mental health was to:
The National Association of Free Clinics (NAFC) was established in:
A majority of those with employer‐based health care insurance coverage have a:
The predominant method of reimbursement for health services has been_____________ payment.
Which country spends the most money on health and health‐care related programs?
Blue Shield was developed by physicians in 1946 because it allowed them to:
According to the U.S. Department of Labor’s most recent statistics, more than _______working Americans are employed in health care.
The federal government requires all medical records to be in an electronic format by _______.
________ defines a system in which employers and health insurers channel patients to the most cost‐effective site of care.
__________ are either a group of providers who have voluntarily joined together to render health care on a contractual basis, or a group of providers who have been organized by a payer through contractual arrangement for a particular delivery system.
In the near future, many of the health and related care services for the elderly will take place in_______________.
The most prevalent chronic condition in 2007 among the elderly living in the community was:
People in _________________usually need daily personal care because they are not able to care for themselves or live alone, but they do not need 24‐hour care.
More than ___________of elderly people continue to live in the community, and more than two‐thirds of them perceive their health to be good to excellent.
By 2050, the age group 65 years and older is anticipated to be twice as large as in 2010, and will represent nearly _________of the total U.S. population.
Today’s healthcare workforce lacks much of the ________ required to provide appropriate care to today’s older adults.
It’s estimated that nearly _________people reside in nearly 16,000 nursing homes in the United States.
A major need for health personnel in the coming years will be to develop a broader understanding and competence in_____________.
A hardship waiver allows families to be exempt from the requirement to purchase health insurance based on:
A major concern for states in welfare reform include:
Who will be responsible for billing and collecting premiums?
States that start ________can receive federal funding for health care reform.
Health care is primarily the responsibility of the:
Health care costs for an individual who has a preexisting condition will______, where before the reform they were usually_________.
Some studies have shown that health care reform has actually increased overall health care costs. This rise can mainly be attributed to:
What is the penalty for an individual who fails to comply with the health insurance requirement?
Professional certifications are granted by:
Which of the following areas is most affected by the misdistribution of health care personnel?
The purpose of licensure in health care professions can best be summed up as:
One of the biggest challenges you will face is choosing a school. What main criteria should you base this decision on?
In most instances it is easier for job seekers with _________ to obtain jobs and advance their careers.
Local, state, or federal government opportunities in health care include:
Often times, physicians will join a group practice because:
It is projected that by 2020 the health care industry will experience: