HIEU 390 Quiz 4,5,6

HIEU 390 Quiz 4

  1. As a long-term cause of the First World War, nationalism had what impact?
  2. The expansion of the European colonial empires brought the Great Powers into conflict over issues of control of markets and resources, as well as military security and national prestige.
  3. What was the outcome of the British campaign in the Gallipoli peninsula against the Turks.
  4. The Austrians responded to the archduke’s murder with a campaign of terror; the Serbs fought back with similar tactics.
  5. Serbian intelligence chief Dragutin Dimitrijević sought to negotiate with Austrians to secure peace.
  6. In the video, The First World War: War Without End, we learn that German armies in late 1918 were:
  7. On the Eastern Front, the Germans and Austrians would inflict a series of defeats on the Russians that would lead to the overthrow of the Tsar Nicholas II in February 1917.
  8. The achieving of independence from Turkey by the various Balkan states made the region much more stable, due to Turkey being the “Sick Man of Europe.”
  9. The effect of Kaiser Wilhelm II on European diplomacy was:
  10. How did the armistice of 11 November 1918 come about?
  11. According to the video, The First World War: To Arms!, Austria-Hungary was:
  12. Who was Wilfred Owen?
  13. The collapse of the German, Austrian, Russian, and Ottoman empires eventually led to more stability, thanks to the establishment of democratic governments.
  14. What was the result of the massive German offensive of August 1914?
  15. The German Schlieffen Plan called for Germany to attack Russia, no matter what else happened.
  16. US President Woodrow Wilson’s Fourteen Points, trumpeted principles of democracy, liberalism, and nationalism, but ultimately failed as a basis for the peace.
  17. The emulating of the German General Staff system by the Great Powers led to all of them having pre-prepared war plans that the generals believed had to be launched immediately in a crisis.
  18. The horrible human and material costs of the war ultimately created a sense of futility regarding the First World War, but in the immediate aftermath, the construction of monuments celebrated the struggle as heroic.
  19. The assassination of the Archduke Franz Ferdinand on 28 June 1914 led to the outbreak of World War I in all of the following ways EXCEPT:
  20. As emperor, Franz Ferdinand, hoped to:
  21. When the Central Powers collapsed in late 1918, the German political leaders demanded an armistice, opposed by Ludendorff and the General Staff.
  22. When Russia was knocked out of the war, the Germans could shift large numbers of troops to the Western Front to try to win a victory.
  23. Particularly horrific aspects of the Great War included:
  24. Improvements in military and naval technology that drove the pre-World War I arms race included all of the following EXCEPT:
  25. The Versailles Treaty negotiations were complicated by all of the following EXCEPT:

HIEU 390 Quiz 5

  1. The British government immediately condemned the French occupation of the Ruhr, breaking the World War I alliance.
  2. According to the Russian scholar Dimitri Volkogonov, Joseph Stalin was:
  3. The French occupied the Ruhr partially because it was the industrial heart of Germany.
  4. The government of Weimar Germany received broad support across the German political spectrum.
  5. The Treaty of Locarno of 1925 between Britain, France, Belgium, and Germany:
  6. After the Bolsheviks overthrew the Russian provisional government in the October Revolution (November 1917), all of the following occurred EXCEPT:
  7. In the years immediately after the Russian Civil War (the mid-1920s), the Russian people were skeptical and cynical about the new Bolshevik regime.
  8. According to the video, Russia’s War: Blood Upon the Snow: “The Darkness Descends,” Lenin stated in his final testament that Stalin:
  9. The effect of the purging of the officer corps was to render the Soviet armed forces helpless when the Germans attacked in June 1941.
  10. All of the following is true of the Bolshevik (October) Revolution EXCEPT:
  11. During the nineteenth-century, groups in Russia demanding change included all of the following EXCEPT:
  12. The Kellogg-Briand Pact marked the entrance of the United States into the League of Nations.
  13. A significant aspect of the resolution of the Ruhr Crisis was British and French electoral politics, as both prime ministers (Bonar Law in Britain; Raymond Poincarè in France) were replaced.
  14. British Prime Minister David Lloyd George fought for German rights at Versailles to keep it from falling into chaos and anarchy, thus a breeding ground a communism.
  15. The collectivization of Soviet agriculture under Stalin proved a more efficient means of feeding the citizenry of the USSR, and provided a great measure of social justice by forcing the better-off farmers to give of their produce.
  16. Since Marxist theory did not apply to Russia society in many ways, Lenin argued that since the Russian working class was so small and weak, it was necessary to create a “vanguard of the proletariat,” a small, disciplined elite that would help workers develop revolutionary consciousness.
  17. How did Stalin present the system of gulagsto the Soviet people?
  18. The Dawes Plan diffused the Ruhr Crisis by lowering German reparations, establishing a plan of installment payments, and arranging for Germany to borrow money from the United States.
  19. The Washington Naval Treaty mandated limitations on the navies of Great Britain, the United States, France, Italy, and Japan, but the restrictions did not include newer ship types like submarines and aircraft carriers.
  20. What was the reaction of the broad mass of British public opinion to the Ruhr Crisis?
  21. According to the video, “Make Germany Pay,” France wanted to:
  22. Germany’s post-World War I problems included all of the following EXCEPT:
  23. According to D. G. Williamson in “Great Britain and the Ruhr Crisis, 1923-1924,” what happened to British attitudes in the aftermath of the signing of the Versailles Treaty?
  24. German reaction to French occupation included:
  25. The Versailles Treaty formed the League of Nations to deal with future international crises. Its effectiveness, however, was hampered by several factors, including:

HIEU 390 Quiz 6

  1. Hitler’s first attempt at attaining power was through his election to the Bavarian parliament in 1923.
  2. One of the primary aspects of Hitler’s appeal to the German people was the:
  3. After his release from prison, Hitler was instantly embraced by the mass of the German people as a hero.
  4. European reactions to the Spanish Civil War included:
  5. Fascism’s major ideological points included:
  6. When Hitler defied the Treaty of Versailles and began rearming, the League of Nations censured Germany, but took no other action.
  7. What were the Nuremberg Laws of 1935?
  8. Hitler’s book, Mein Kampf, is characterized by all of the following EXCEPT:
  9. The event that created the opportunity for Hitler to make his chancellorship a dictatorship was:
  10. Germany’s recovery from the Great Depression was entirely due to Hitler’s policies.
  11. Pablo Picasso’s painting, Guernica (1937), was a pro-Franco propaganda piece.
  12. How did Hitler eventually come to power in Germany?
  13. Adolf Hitler was a native of:
  14. National Socialist ideology included all of the following EXCEPT:
  15. When Hitler came to power in January 1933, the great majority of the German people greeted the event with great enthusiasm.
  16. The purge known as “The Night of the Long Knives” was aimed only at dissident elements within the National Socialist party.
  17. The Nazi method of ruling regarding the different social classes was to:
  18. Throughout the 1920s and into the 1930s, Germany remained politically and economically crippled.
  19. In Fascist thought, the individual was to be subordinated to the state.
  20. National Socialist ritual, symbolism, and ideology likened Hitler to:
  21. The Nazis took over many existing German celebrations and transformed them into expressions of their ideals.
  22. Fascism first arose after World War I in:
  23. In “Symbol and Ritual under National Socialism,” Simon Taylor maintains:
  24. Under National Socialism, businesses remained in private hands, but were subject to extensive regulation.
  25. Throughout his life, Benito Mussolini was an opponent of Marxism.
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