Beginning in the 3 rd century B.C., the Romans were heavily influenced by this group of people, whose poetry, drama, history, rhetoric, philosophy, and art provided a model for the Romans, and helped produce a distinctive Mediterranean culture.
NOT true about Pyrrhus of Epirus:
This 216 B.C. battle was the worst military defeat in Roman history. Rome’s prestige was shattered, and the Carthaginians now claimed most of southern Italy. Only 15,000 out of an army over 80,000 survived.
At the December 218 B.C. battle at Trebia River, the hasty Roman commander, Titus Sempronius Longus marched across the river and attacked Hannibal’s main force. Meanwhile, an ambush party led by Hannibal’s brother, Mago, emerged at the rear of Sempronious’s line, sowing utter confusion and causing the Roman auxiliaries to break and flee. Sempronius was soundly
This social class was made up of non-senatorial families who met the minimum property requirement to be senators.
Which of the following is true about the peace terms ending the Second Punic War?
The Sicilian Wars (480-307 B.C.) were a series of conflicts between Carthage and the Greek city-states of Magna Graecia (headed by Syracuse) over control of Sicily.
This Greek city (and ally of Rome) located in Gaul between northern Italy and northern Spain was a factor in the coming of the Second Punic War. The growing power of Carthage in Spain threatened the city’s trade, which had expanded at Carthage’s expense during the First Punic War. The city was also afraid that Carthage– once if fully controlled Spain– might ally with neighboring tribes to eliminate them as a rival altogether. In 226 B.C., the Romans concluded the Ebro Treaty with Carthage to pacify the city.
The site of most of the ground fighting during the First Punic War.
After defeating Carthage decisively in the Second Punic War, Rome got bogged down in the Third Punic War– and against lesser foes. While there was no clear “winner” in this third war, a good case could be made that Carthage actually defeated Rome.
During the Rome-Syrian War (192-188 B.C.), this powerful Seleucid king—who had done much to revive Seleucid might in the Near East– moved a force into Greece to “liberate” it from Roman “oppression.” In response, Rome sent 30,000 troops to Greece, defeated him at Thermopylae in 191, and forced a peace in 188 that seceded all Seleucid land to Rome.
Sobered by their early defeats in the Second Punic War, the Romans elected this dictator to restore order. Contrary to that which was popular in Rome, the aged general wanted to avoid open battle with Hannibal. He believed that the best strategy against Hannibal was to harass his lines, and slash and burn the countryside so as to deprive the Puni of food stores. He was very unpopular, and soon removed from command.
This Roman warship during the First Punic War was modeled after Carthaginian ships. Built by the Romans in the late 260s B.C., it carried a crew of 420, including 300 rowers. It was heavy and strong, with a bronze beak used for ramming and sinking other ships.
NOT true about Scipio Africanus:
This Macedonian king proved to be a problem for the Romans in the immediate post-Second Punic War period. In the lead up to the Second Macedonian War (200-196 B.C.), he attacked his free Greek neighbors, threatened Rhoades, and seized control of the Black Sea trade lanes.
As a result of this Roman victory in battle in 197 B.C., Macedonia was forced to recognize the freedom and independence of the Greeks, and the Second Macedonia War came to an end.
This king ruled Macedon during the First and Second Macedonian Wars, and was a staunch supporter of Carthage. During his second war with Rome (200-196 B.C.), he was decisively defeated at the battle of Cynoscephalae. The subsequent Treaty of Tempea (196) forbade him to move or interfere beyond his borders.
This successful Roman commander (and consul) in the Second Macedonian War was charismatic, cultured, and fluent in Greek. He electrified the Greek world with his slogan of “Freedom and self-determination of the Greeks.” In 196 B.C., he even made a grand appearance at the Isthmian Games at Corinth, where he proclaimed that the Greeks were to be subject to their own laws, without garrisons and without tribute.
Which of the following would be a good ancient source for Rome during the Punic Wars?
NOT a factor in the coming of the Third Punic War (149-146 B.C.):
Who or what was Sophonisba?
The Roman strategy to win the Second Punic War.
NOT true about Carthage.
Which of the following is true about the battle of Zama in 202 B.C.?
This social class was made up of those wealthy patrician and plebeian landowning families whose current heads had obtained membership in the senate by appointment or by holding certain elective offices or whose direct male lines included men who had been members of the Senate.
NOT a contributing factor in the coming of the First Punic War (264-241 B.C.).
One of the most famous Roman women of the Late Republic. She was the daughter of Scipio Africanus, and the mother of Tiberius and Gaius Gracchus.
At this battle between Rome and Carthage (24 June 217 B.C.), the vain and overconfident Roman consul Gaius Flaminius pursued Hannibal into the mountains near Aretzo (and along this body of water), where the Carthaginian commander fell on his lines in the front, the rear, and the center. Many Romans drowned trying to swim from the Punic onslaught. The overall Roman losses at this battle were 30,000, including Flaminius.
Which of the following is true about Masinissa?
NOT one of the causes of the Second Punic War.
The Roman consul Gaius Nero defeated Hannibal’s brother, Hasdrubal, at this battle in northern Italy in 207 B.C. Following his loss, Hasdrubal committed suicide.
This hinged and raised gangplank was added to Roman warships during the First Punic War. After an enemy ship was rammed, the gangplank (including a grappling spike) was dropped on the deck of an enemy’s disabled vessel.
NOT true about the ending of the First Punic War in 241 B.C.
Prior to the First Punic War, Rome had little, if any, experience with a navy. During the war, however, they developed this drawbridge that would crash into the deck of an enemy ship, and enable the Roman legions to board.
The son of Hamilcar Barca and the chief and brilliant commander of Carthaginian forces during the Second Punic War. In 218 B.C., he marched a force of 90,000 infantry and 12,000 cavalry into Italy. He won every major battle in Italy against the Romans.
This social class was made up of all people involved in the business of public contracts.
In 175 B.C., this Seleucid king moved militarily against Rome’s Ptolemy ally in Egypt, and besieged Alexandria. The Roman envoy, C. Popillius Laenas, confronted Seleucid ruler, conveying the Senate’s “request” that he withdraw from Egypt. When he asked for time to consider, Popillius drew a circle around him in the sand and demanded a reply before he stepped out of it. This Seleucid prudently swallowed his pride, and retreated from Egypt.
A major problem facing the Romans in the post Punic Wars period was slave revolts.
NOT one of the consequences of war and empire in the years following the Punic Wars: