HIEU 322 Quiz 1

HIEU 322 Quiz 1 Liberty University

  1. This class of Roman kin was those related by blood or adoption in general but often were those specifically in the female line.
  2. Which of the following is true about early Romans and outsiders?
  3. This Roman god was originally the spirit of the forest, and protector of the farmer’s crops and herds, but later became the god of war, and defender of the Roman State against its enemies.
  4. NOT true about Polybius:
  5. This class of Roman kin was those related by blood or adoption through a father and his male relatives up and down the line, including a father’s brother or sister, a paternal grandfather, a nephews and nieces, children, and grandchildren.
  6. Which of the following is true concerning the Romans’ writing of their past?
  7. This assembly had oversight of adoptions, wills, and disputes of inheritance.
  8. This prominent Roman lawyer (52-120 A.D.) reflected upon the decay of Old Rome, a state marked by individual excellence and social harmony.  When the power of Rome brought the curse of wealth, he argued, it destroyed the civic virtues, and then rampant luxury, greed, and ambition corrupted leaders and transformed citizens into subjects who could bear neither full servitude nor freedom.  His two most significant works were Annales (18 books, covering the years 14-68 A.D.) and Historiae (12 books dealing with the events of the years 69-96 A.D.)  Together, they constitute the most trustworthy source for the history of the early Principate.  They are both factual and critical.
  9. An emergency office which allowed for the appointment of a single man to command the Republic for a maximum of six months.
  10. This prestigious republican institution was an advisory council of prominent and experienced men.   It could not pass laws, but simply offered advice to magistrates.  Despite its lack of official powers, its decrees were highly respected, and rarely did the various lawmaking bodies ignore or override its advice.
  11. These magistrates administered criminal law, and served as quartermasters in charge of supplies and the payment of troops.
  12. The early Romans were a conservative people who valued law and order, honor and loyalty, & faithfulness to community.
  13. This class of Roman kin included those who were related by marriage, such as a mother-in-law or father-in-law, and the parents of in-laws.
  14. Existing Roman law was codified in the mid-5 thcentury by the Decemviral Commission, and set up on bronze tablets in the Forum.  What was the name of the code?
  15. The lower class or genealogical group ( gens) of early Roman society was composed of this group—the poor and dependent men who were small farmers, laborers, and
  16. These plebeian officials had two main powers: the right to give aid—protecting the life, person, and interests of those who called upon them for help against a magistrate’s arbitrary use of power—and the right of veto of any official act.  They were considered sacrosanct (or revered or untouchable).  If anyone violently attacked them or interfered with their performance of duties, that person would be considered accursed and could be killed with impunity.
  17. A man not protected by a powerful paterfamilias, and who made up for this deficiency by attaching himself to a more powerful man who could protect him as a father would.
  18. During the republican period of Roman history, the Romans created this office, held by two patricians and empowered with imperium.
  19. Rome was founded in Italy in the 8 thcentury B.C. along this river.
  20. A board of priests in early Rome that dealt with issues of peace and war.
  21. Which of the following is true about slavery in early Rome?
  22. His History of Rome to 9 B. C., in 142 books, supplanted all previous chronicles, and has been hailed as a “colossal masterpiece.”  Essentially a literary artist and court historian, this source of Roman history brought to bear upon the historical traditions of Rome an unexcelled narrative skill, a superb prose style, and all the techniques of rhetoric and drama, to create what was virtually a prose epic of the glories of Rome’s past.  His basic aim was not critical inquiry, but moral reform through lessons to be drawn from an idealized past, through emphasis on ancient virtues, heroism, patriotic sacrifice and religious piety.
  23. Which of the following is true about women in early Rome?
  24. The Romans practiced cannibalism and human sacrifice in their religious observances.
  25. . Early Roman society was divided in two large genealogical groups (or gentes) by a class distinction based on birth.  The upper class was composed of this group of wealthy men who held a monopoly of power and influence.  What was the name of this group?
  26. These magistrates examined the public and private conduct of senators, and registered citizens and their property.
  27. These plebeian magistrates assisted the tribunes, and were superintendents of public works, food and water supplies, markets, and public games.
  28. This arms-bearing body was organized in seven property classes which were subdivided into “centuries” of 100 men apiece.  The assembly elected consuls, praetors, and censors, declared war, and served as the last court of appeals in capital cases.
  29. Which of the following is true about the Twelve Tables?
  30. This 2 ndcentury A.D. Roman biographer was an aide to Emperor Hadrian (117-138), and had access to the imperial depositories.  In his Twelve Caesars, he linked individual lives and collective destinies closely together when in the first party of every biography he described an emperor’s administrative activities and outstanding deeds, while he dealt in the second part with an emperor’s personal life and character.  His principal contribution was in his relatively high degree of objectivity.  With him, there is a move away from the traditional eulogistic treatment, and movement toward a more astringent (or harsh or biting) atmosphere, in which the men whom he described were examined with a cooler and more disenchanted eye.
  31. NOT true about the Roman family:
  32. Which of the following statements is NOT true about early Roman society?
  33. Which of the following is true about Roman religion?
  34. These religious officials of early Rome were responsible for taking auspices and conducting auguries.  They had the right to block public business by announcing unfavorable omens.
  35. This chief god of the Romans was originally a spirit of the vine, but over time became the symbol of the Roman State, the giver of victory, and the spirit of law and justice.
  36. The Struggle of the Orders ended in 300s B.C. with the patricians retaining most of their political and social control.
  37. What was Numen?
  38. A powerful man who protected the weak and vulnerable.
  39. What was the Struggle of the Orders?
  40. These religious officials in early Rome were the sole keepers of the temple archives and prescribed the various rituals, prayers, chants, and litanies for use in public worship and sacrifice.  They also supervised the burial of the dead, and organized the calendar that fixed the dates of festivals.
  41. According to lectures, what were some things that the early Romans valued?
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