Govt 220 Test 4

Liberty GOVT 220 Test 4 Answers

Set 1

  1. The text suggests the most dramatic example of the plurality system in America can be seen in the
  2. Compared with their respective party members, national convention delegates tend to be
  3. Democratic and Republican Party activists differ greatly in their views on public policy.
  4. A public-interest organization can be defined as one whose goals, if achieved, would benefit primarily
  5. Which of the following is true of interest-group activity?
  6. Some issues do not lend themselves to an outsider strategy.
  7. The forerunner of today’s Democratic Party was founded by the followers of
  8. Thousands of organized interests are located on and around __________ Street in Washington, D.C.
  9. By law, PACs can give no more than __________ to any candidate.
  10. Since 1972 there has been a significant disparity between delegate opinion and rank-and-file voter attitudes.
  11. The value of information, the power of the lobbyist, and thus the success of interest groups are greatest when the issue
  12. James Madison believed that the causes of factions were rooted in
  13. Madison’s famous discussion of “factions” can be found in Federalist Paper number
  14. The text discusses the deal that Congress struck with Tufts University, Washington State University, and University of Pennsylvania. This deal is an example of
  15. Organization offering solidary incentives are more likely to organize
  16. One problem with solidary associations is that they often do not work hard.
  17. Most of the major conflicts in American politics are conflicts within the upper-middle classes.
  18. The U.S. electoral system is characterized by proportional representation.
  19. The modern Republican Party began as a third party.
  20. A novelty of the Jacksonian era was that the party system was built
  21. The Founders generally held a favorable view of political parties.
  22. Labor PACs give almost exclusively to Democrats.
  23. When machine parties were at their height, voter turnout was
  24. The two-party system has worked in the United States but not in Europe because
  25. According to the text, medical and legal societies became important in part because of
  26. In general elections, visuals
  27. President Obama’s attempts to expand the role and cost of government resulted in gains for Democratic Party seats in the 2010 mid-term congressional elections.
  28. Which Democratic presidential candidate received 90 percent or more of Democratic votes?
  29. Studies suggest which of the following would be an effective way to increase vote turnout?
  30. A PAC must have at least 150 members.
  31. An analysis of campaign promises made between 1944 and 1964 by the two major parties revealed that ____ percent of the promises were carried out.
  32. It is clear that the mass media have a critical impact on who wins or loses a presidential race.
  33. There seems to have been ___________ realignments in American politics so far.
  34. A “blue state” is one where Democrats usually win.
  35. In a typical presidential election, about _____ percent of voters cannot be counted on to vote either Republican or Democrat.
  36. Evidence of decay in political parties is exhibited by the declining proportion of people identifying with either party and by the
  37. Which of the following affects how people will vote for president?
  38. When economic times are bad, incumbent presidents do well at the polls.
  39. Scholars believe that there have been ten major realignments in American politics.
  40. There is evidence to suggest that Eisenhower’s decision to “go to Korea” was influenced by
  41. In a typical presidential election, the two major parties generally can expect to gather in 80 percent of the vote no matter whom they nominate.
  42. Poor voters, contrary to popular belief, more often support Republican candidates because
  43. Prospective voting is more common among political activists.
  44. The legal voting age in almost all other nations is
  45. Republican victories in the presidential elections from 1980 through 1996 indicate that a party realignment has
  46. The “pocketbook vote” refers to how
  47. In congressional elections, higher campaign spending is especially important for
  48. The increased reliance on the mass media by candidates has resulted in
  49. The Tea Party has no central leadership or policy.
  50. Democratic voters support their presidential candidate less often than Republican voters support their party’s candidate.

Other sets

  1. A novelty of the Jacksonian era was that the party system was built
  2. Between the two major parties in the United States there are
  3. Compared with their respective party members, national convention delegates tend to be
  4. The single most important tactic of the typical lobbyist is
  5. Evidence indicates that PAC contributions do not affect how members of Congress vote because
  6. Democratic and Republican Party activists differ greatly in their views on public policy.
  7. The forerunner of today’s Democratic Party was founded by the followers of
  8. Most of the major conflicts in American politics are conflicts within the upper‐middle classes.
  9. The text discusses the deal that Congress struck with Tufts University, Washington State University, and University of Pennsylvania. This deal is an example of
  10. One reason political parties in the United States today are weaker than in Europe is that in the United States
  11. In the United States, divisive political issues have caused deep cleavages in society but have not upset the two‐party system because
  12. Thousands of organized interests are located on and around __________ Street in Washington, D.C.
  13. Increasingly, American identify themselves as
  14. Direct mail has which one of the following primary disadvantages as a fundraising mechanism?
  15. The modern Republican Party began as a third party.
  16. In recent years interest groups have been more frequently using which of the following strategies, which is also known as grassroots lobbying?
  17. The typical PAC contribution is rather small.
  18. The text suggests the most dramatic example of the plurality system in America can be seen in the
  19. Some issues do not lend themselves to an outsider strategy.
  20. Ralph Nader first rose to prominence as a critic of unsafe
  21. The main factor that weakened the political machines was
  22. Madison’s famous discussion of “factions” can be found in Federalist Paper number
  23. A public‐interest organization can be defined as one whose goals, if achieved, would benefit primarily
  24. Three sources have become important to interest groups in raising money: government grants, direct mail, and
  25. Most money given by PACs to candidates running for Congress goes to incumbents.
  26. The 2008 election was somewhat significant because it featured
  27. Realignment generally has been related to
  28. An analysis of campaign promises made between 1944 and 1964 by the two major parties revealed that ____ percent of the promises were carried out.
  29. When registered nonvoters in the United States were asked why they did not vote, what was the most common explanation?
  30. African Americans vote at a higher rate than whites when comparisons control for income and education.
  31. Which of the following was a major change in regard to American elections?
  32. In general elections, visuals
  33. VEP calculations attempt to
  34. Compared with white participation in the democratic process, African Americans participate
  35. In a typical presidential election, the two major parties generally can expect to gather in 80 percent of the vote no matter whom they nominate.
  36. The 2002 campaign finance reform law set a limit of __________ on the amount any person can contribute to a single candidate in a single election.
  37. In presidential elections, __________ are more loyal to their party’s candidate.
  38. There seems to have been ___________ realignments in American politics so far.
  39. As a campaign tool, televised debates
  40. The “pocketbook vote” refers to how
  41. Candidates supported by the Tea Party consistently won primary and general elections.
  42. Today, the major source of congressional campaign money is
  43. There is clear evidence that recent debates have had an influence on presidential contests.
  44. Young adults have voted at lower rates than older adults in every election since 1972.
  45. In most presidential elections, a majority of the voters decide whom they will vote for
  46. When all is said and done, today, campaigns are largely run by
  47. Today, younger voters are somewhat more likely than older voters to be Democrats.
  48. The 1932 realignment was brought on by
  49. In a typical presidential election, about _____ percent of voters cannot be counted on to vote either Republican or Democrat.
  50. President __________ ordered endless polls, sometimes weekly, to help him decide what positions to adopt.

 

  1. There is a wealth of evidence that suggests PAC contributions affect how member of Congress vote.
  2. The third parties that have had the greatest influence on public policy were those formed independently of the two major parties.
  3. In interest group politics, holding demonstrations and causing disruptions are
  4. Most states use a caucus to select delegates to the national party conventions.
  5. The Democratic Party in and around Detroit is a classic example of a(n) __________ party organization.
  6. The problem with “soft money” is that, although it is given to the parties, it can easily be used to
  7. Although the electoral system does not prevent the formation of minor parties, it may prevent minor parties from winning elections.
  8. The political parties in the United States are
  9. By law, PACs can give no more than __________ to any candidate.
  10. The type of interest group whose numbers increased most rapidly in the early 1980s was the
  11. The single most important tactic of the typical lobbyist is
  12. Evidence indicates that PAC contributions do not affect how members of Congress vote because
  13. Most of the major conflicts in American politics are conflicts within the upper‐ middle classes.
  14. One problem with the personal‐following campaign is that it might
  15. The size and wealth of an interest group provide a fairly accurate measure of its influence.
  16. One reason political parties in the United States today are weaker than in Europe is that in the United States
  17. The Constitution was intended to structure government in such a way as to limit the power of factions (interest groups).
  18. Two‐party systems are seen commonly throughout the world.
  19. Public‐interest groups tend to be
  20. To win in a plurality system, a candidate must have
  21. Some issues do not lend themselves to an outsider strategy.
  22. The 1946 Federal Regulation of Lobbying Act has had __________ effect on the registration and control of lobbyists.
  23. In the United States, divisive political issues have caused deep cleavages in society but have not upset the two‐party system because
  24. The majority of environmental and consumer protection lobbies arose during the
  25. Thousands of organized interests are located on and around __________ Street in Washington, D.C.
  26. Which Democratic presidential candidate received 90 percent or more of Democratic votes?
  27. African Americans vote at a higher rate than whites when comparisons control for income and education.
  28. If you are voting because no candidate received a majority of the votes in a previous election, then you are voting in a(n) __________ primary.
  29. Single‐issue interest groups seem to have their greatest electoral impact on
  30. An analysis of campaign promises made between 1944 and 1964 by the two major parties revealed that ____ percent of the promises were carried out.
  31. Realignment generally has been related to
  32. In recent years states have tried to increase the importance of their primaries and caucuses by
  33. Public participation in elections is lowest in
  34. Evidence of decay in political parties is exhibited by the declining proportion of people identifying with either party and by the
  35. Some states disenfranchise __________ for life.
  36. Which of the following was a major change in regard to American elections?
  37. The legal voting age in almost all other nations is
  38. The most loyal supporters of the Democrats have been
  39. Single‐issue ideological groups have a greater impact in general elections than in primaries.
  40. Today, younger voters are somewhat more likely than older voters to be Democrats.
  41. Which of the following resulted in a dramatic change in the number of blacks who registered and voted?
  42. Which amendment prohibited the denial of the right to vote on account of “race, color, or previous condition of servitude”?
  43. In most presidential elections, a majority of the voters decide whom they will vote for
  44. If you can decide which party’s ticket you would like to participate in as you enter the voting booth, you are voting in a(n) __________ primary.
  45. The Fifteenth Amendment says that no state can deny any citizen the right to vote on account of gender.
  46. Scholars believe that there have been ten major realignments in American politics.
  47. A primary reason why people participate in politics is
  48. The increased reliance on the mass media by candidates has resulted in
  49. The Democrats usually win the votes of the poor.
  50. The Twenty‐sixth Amendment gave those eighteen years of age and older the right to vote.
  51. The authors suggest that the Progressives “failed” to solve the problem of
  52. The problem with “soft money” is that, although it is given to the parties, it can easily be used to
  53. The Founding Fathers generally had a very positive view of political parties.
  54. In almost all states, candidates are selected by
  55. Compared with their respective party members, national convention delegates tend to be
  56. Which of the following are often factionalized, valuing principles above all else?
  57. The United States has a two‐party system rather than the multiparty system common elsewhere. One reason numerous parties have been discouraged is that election laws for the House of Representative
  58. Labor PACs give almost exclusively to Democrats.
  59. Information is an important resource available to interest groups because
  60. The size and wealth of an interest group provide a fairly accurate measure of its in uence.
  61. The Democratic convention rules written in the 1970s sought to
  62. Party organizations that feature groups of people who enjoy the game and/or see politics as a way to meet and be with other people are called “__________ associations.”
  63. The Founders saw political parties as
  64. Increasingly, American identify themselves as
  65. Most Washington o ces representing corporations, labor unions, and professional organizations were established before 1960.
  66. The single most important tactic of the typical lobbyist is
  67. One problem with the personal‐following campaign is that it might
  68. The congressional campaign committees
  69. A novelty of the Jacksonian era was that the party system was built
  70. Direct mail has which one of the following primary disadvantages as a fundraising mechanism?
  71. The forerunner of today’s Democratic Party was founded by the followers of
  72. The modern Republican Party began as a third party.
  73. The typical PAC contribution is rather small.
  74. Which of the following statements is correct?
  75. Most states use a caucus to select delegates to the national party conventions.
  76. In congressional elections, higher campaign spending is especially important for
  77. The 2008 election was somewhat signi cant because it featured
  78. The legal limit on what a congressional candidate may spend is
  79. In a typical presidential election, the two major parties generally can expect to gather in 80 percent of the vote no matter whom they nominate.
  80. Republican victories in the presidential elections from 1980 through 1996 indicate that a party realignment has
  81. Poor voters, contrary to popular belief, more often support Republican candidates because
  82. The increased reliance on the mass media by candidates has resulted in
  83. Normally speaking, which age group is the least likely to vote in a presidential election?
  84. Research has shown that negative ads
  85. The Democrats usually win the votes of the poor.
  86. Which Democratic presidential candidate received 90 percent or more of Democratic votes?
  87. The Fifteenth Amendment says that no state can deny any citizen the right to vote on account of gender.
  88. The Twenty‐sixth Amendment gave those eighteen years of age and older the right to vote.
  89. A “blue state” is one where Democrats usually win.
  90. Compared with white participation in the democratic process, African Americans
  91. The text concludes that elections
  92. Today, the major source of congressional campaign money is
  93. Which of the following a ects how people will vote for president?
  94. Post‐1968 U. S. presidential elections have drawn over 70 percent of all registered voters.
  95. In most presidential elections, a majority of the voters decide whom they will vote for
  96. In 1968, Hubert Humphrey won the Democratic nomination without competing in a single state primary.
  97. The legal voting age in almost all other nations is
  98. In a typical presidential election, about _____ percent of voters cannot be counted on to vote either Republican or Democrat.
  99. When registered nonvoters in the United States were asked why they did not vote, what was the most common explanation?
  100. It is clear that the mass media have a critical impact on who wins or loses a presidential race.
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