CSIS 100 Midterm

CSIS 100 Midterm Liberty University

Set 1

  1. An example of a common hardware function performed by the operating system is presenting information on a monitor or printer.
  2. The operating system converts a basic user request into the set of detailed instructions that the computer hardware requires, thus acting as an intermediary between the application and the hardware.
  3. In most large organizations, the IS department is divided into the following functions __________.
  4. A ______ is a collection of instructions and commands used to define and describe data and relationships in a specific database.
  5. A podcast is a video broadcast over the Internet.
  6. A _____ is a computer employed by many users to perform a specific task, such as running network or Internet applications.
  7. For the ____ operation, it is required that the the two tables have a common attribute.
  8. _____ is the standard page description language for Web pages.
  9. are responsible for running and maintaining information system equipment and also for scheduling, hardware maintenance, and preparing input and output.
  10. Which of the following is NOT a task typically associated with the systems analyst role?
  11. A(n) _____ device provides data and instructions to the computer and receives results from it.
  12. The information systems operations group is responsible for the day-to-day running of IS hardware to process the organization’s information systems workload.
  13. are used in standardized tests, including the SAT and GMAT tests, and to record votes in elections.
  14. In the context of the relational database model, selecting involves combining two or more tables.
  15. Chip-and-PIN cards employ a computer chip that communicates with a card reader using infrared frequencies so that the cards do not need to be swiped at a terminal.
  16. The action of including only some columns for output while retrieving data is known as ____.
  17. Disk mirroring is a method of storing data that generates extra bits of data from existing data, allowing the system to create a “reconstruction map” so that if a hard drive fails, it can rebuild lost data.
  18. Suppose you wish to run two different operating systems on one computer, you can accomplish it by using
  19. One of the final steps in installing and using a large database involves “telling” the database management system (DBMS) the logical and physical structure of the data and the relationships among the data for each user.
  20. The use of middleware to connect disparate systems has evolved into an approach for developing software and systems called
  21. Suppose a business wishes to move away from hosting its own applications, the recommended solution is to use
  22. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) uses companies called _____ to handle the business of registering domain names.
  23. _____ are the most powerful computers with the fastest processing speed and highest performance.
  24. Important functions of the chief information officer include
  25. There are Web-based productivity software suites that require no installation on the computer.
  26. Providing value to a _____ is the primary goal of any organization.
  27. is used to temporarily hold small units of program instructions and data immediately before, during, and after execution by the central processing unit (CPU).
  28. You might be an information systems worker if you _________.
  29. If “color” is an attribute, then “green” is a data item.
  30. _____ is an example of a popular general purpose software suite for personal computer users.
  31. Secondary storage can store large amounts of data, instructions, and information more permanently than allowed with main memory.
  32. The world-wide-web uses _____ protocol for transmitting content.
  33. JavaScript can be used to validate data entry in a Web form.
  34. _____ is a visa program that allows skilled employees from foreign lands into the United States.
  35. Each attribute in a relational database model can be constrained to a range of allowable values called a
  36. All of the following are positive driving forces that influence chance according to Lewin’s Theory of Force Field Analysis, EXCEPT:
  37. A _____ is a telecommunications network that connects users and their computers in a geographical area that spans a campus or a city.
  38. When you are looking for a ‘hotspot’, you are searching for _____.
  39. The Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers (IEEE) is a leading standards-setting organization whose IEEE network standards are the basis for many telecommunications devices and services.
  40. “Adapting” is the second stage in Lewin’s Change Model, which involves learning new work methods, behaviors, and systems.
  41. _____ is a storage technology that is primarily used only for backups.
  42. Solid state storage devices (SSDs) store data in hard disk drives or optical media rather than memory chips.
  43. In a manufacturing organization, the supply chain is a key value chain whose primary activities include all of the following EXCEPT:
  44. is a personal application software that includes a wide range of built-in functions for statistical, financial, logical, database, graphics, and date and time calculations.
  45. Today’s mobile phones and some PCs use a touch user interface called a _____ to allow people to control the personal computer.
  46. Which of the following theories explains how a new idea or product gains acceptance and spreads through a specific population or subset of an organization?
  47. According to Lewin’s Change Model, an organization must deliberately change old habits, learn new work methods, and accept the new work methods as parts of the job.
  48. Systems software consists of programs that help users solve particular computing problems.
  49. At Coast-to-Coast Moving and Van Lines, Ryan is responsible for managing the flow of the company’s data, from initial acquisition of new data to deletion of old, outdated data. Ryan is involved in
  50. A database management system (DBMS) serves as an interface between an application program and a database.
  51. With the launch of Windows 10, Microsoft announced that it would publish ongoing, incremental upgrades instead of releasing new versions of the software every few years. However, some IS professionals have opted out of frequent updates because they believe making minimal changes will ensure reliable operations.
  52. Kendra is taking a class in Finance and she has been asked to give a speech about a case study in which she’s been working. She wants to create a set of slides containing a summary of her study notes that she will project on a screen while she’s speaking. Which type of personal application software should she use to create her slides?
  53. An attribute is a general class of people, places, or things for which data is collected, stored, and maintained
  54. The scope of green computing is limited to the efficient and environmentally responsible design and manufacture of all types of computers.
  55. Cache memory is available in two forms: level 1, which is found on the CPU chip, and level 2, which can be accessed over a high-speed dedicated interface.
  56. The process of converting human-readable data into machine-readable form is called _____.
  57. An organization’s structure is independent of its goals and approach to management.
  58. One of the primary roles of a senior IS manager is to communicate with other areas of the organization to determine changing business needs.
  59. The role of a systems analyst is narrowly defined and seldom involves communications with others.
  60. Primary memory, which holds program instructions and data, is not associated with the central processing unit (CPU).
  61. Which of the following systems can help identify your geolocation?
  62. _____ is an open-source operating system whose source code is freely available to everyone.
  63. is an approach that starts by investigating the general data and information needs of an organization at the strategic level and then examines more specific data and information needs for the functional areas and departments within the organization.
  64. Whileusingyoursmartcardatastore’scheckoutterminal,youarepromptedtoenteryourPIN. The PIN is then sent on the network to compare with the stored PIN for authorization.
  65. The United States has high Internet penetration among its population constituting the majority of people online.

Set 2

  1. ​Which of the following is NOT a task typically associated with the systems analyst role?
  2. The process of converting human-readable data into machine-readable form is called _____.
  3. A database administrator (DBA) is an important nontechnical position responsible for defining and implementing consistent principles for a variety of data issues, including setting data standards and data definitions that apply across all the databases in an organization.
  4. RAM stands for random access memory; a form of memory that holds its contents even if the current is turned off or disrupted.
  5. You would use Query by Example, if _____.
  6. When you point the remote control to turn on/off the TV, the remote is using radio frequency​.
  7. Your friend has a Mac that runs OS X.  If she needs to run a Windows app on it, she can set it to run Windows also.
  8. A database must reflect the business processes of an organization.
  9. Suppose you work at a business unit that has group of people who would rather wait to try a new technique.  They listen to and follow the opinion leaders.  They would be classified as the _________.
  10. _____ is a process for driving traffic to a Web site by using techniques that improve the site’s ranking in search results.
  11. Cache memory is available in two forms: level 1, which is found on the CPU chip, and level 2, which can be accessed over a high-speed dedicated interface.
  12. When organizational learning occurs, what is revealed can be small, incremental adjustments known as continuous improvement.​
  13. The United States has high Internet penetration among its population constituting the majority of people online.
  14. On a modern home computer, one can set up accounts for many users and be able to control what resources a user may access.
  15. ​Parker has an Android smartphone. Which type of processor is used in his mobile device?
  16. The fiber-optic cables that span the globe over land and under sea make up the Internet _____.
  17. _____ are the most powerful computers with the fastest processing speed and highest performance.
  18. Important functions of the chief information officer include
  19. Each programming language has a set of rules, called the program code of the language.
  20. One of the primary roles of a senior IS manager is to communicate with other areas of the organization to determine changing business needs.​
  21. Network management software is a system software that controls the computer systems and devices on a network and allows them to communicate with each other.
  22. 3D printing is ________.
  23. ​According to the diffusion innovation theory, _____ are the risk takers, always the first to try new products and ideas.
  24. The Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) uses companies called _____ to handle the business of registering domain names.
  25. All of the following are examples of someone using personal productivity software EXCEPT
  26. _____ is a good site to develop your professional network.
  27. The action of including only some columns for output while retrieving data is known as ____.
  28. An example of a common hardware function performed by the operating system is presenting information on a monitor or printer.​
  29. A software suite is a collection of programs packaged together as a bundle and typically includes a word processor, spreadsheet program, graphics program, and more.
  30. _____ is a special-purpose programming language for accessing and manipulating data stored in a relational database.
  31. Opportunities in information systems are available to people from different parts of the world.
  32. Video content can be placed on the Internet using the same approach as a blog.
  33. A traditional view of information systems holds that organizations use them to control and monitor processes and ensure effectiveness and efficiency.
  34. _____ encompasses all the activities required to get the right product into the right consumer’s hands in the right quantity at the right time and at the right cost, from acquisition of raw materials through customer delivery. ​
  35. For each data item, a data dictionary usually contains information such as the name of the data item, the range of values that can be used, and the amount of storage needed for the item.​
  36. ​A single computer can be used by a single user or by multiple, simultaneous users.
  37. A _____ is a low-cost, centrally managed computer with no internal or external attached drives for data storage with limited capabilities.
  38. The diffusion of innovation theory can be useful in planning the rollout of a new information system.  ​
  39. For someone to be a good CIO,  technical ability is the most important characteristic.
  40. Which of the following statements is true of a database?
  41. Over time, disruptive innovation tends to become less attractive to users in a new market.
  42. Like other programs, Java software can run only on specific types of computers.
  43. If 10 users can run programs at the same time on the same computer, it is known as multi-tasking.
  44. Which of the following statements is true of network-management software?
  45. The Transmission Control Protocol (TCP) is responsible for managing IP addresses and Internet domain names.
  46. A liquid crystal display (LCD) functions by exciting organic compounds with electric current to produce bright and sharp images.
  47. If a large organization wants software that will benefit the entire organization—what’s known as enterprise application software—the organization must develop it specifically for the business in order to get the functionality required.​
  48. You wish to learn a programming language that can be used on any computer. What language would it be?​
  49. The diffusion of innovation theory states that adoption of any innovation happens all at once for all members of the targeted population.​​
  50. ​In most large organizations, the IS department is divided into the following functions __________.
  51. One of the final steps in installing and using a large database involves “telling” the database management system (DBMS) the logical and physical structure of the data and the relationships among the data for each user.
  52. A _____ satellite system employs many satellites that are spaced so that, from any point on the Earth at any time, at least one satellite is on a line of sight, each in an orbit at an altitude of less than 1,000 miles.
  53. Haley’s employer has asked her to review tens of thousands of social media posts about their company’s products and compile this data into a database.​ In terms of the characteristics of big data, Haley is dealing with ________.
  54. A relational model splits the information up into many two dimensional data structures.
  55. Suppose a new tech startup wants to define the data model. They would then ____.
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