The discontinuity in God’s plan of salvation (salvation history) is shown in God’s having revealed his righteousness in Christ apart from the law of Moses (3:21a).
The term “offspring” (sperma) in 4:16‐17 refers only to the Jews as the physical descendents of Abraham.
According to 3:25a, how was God able to redeem people in Christ?
According to Moo, the “old self” in Rom. 6:6 is a relational and corporate concept rather than ontological.
Since God justifies on the basis of faith in Jesus Christ, the Mosaic Law is nullified.
According to 3:25b‐26, why did God accomplish redemption in this manner?
Paul most likely states that “we were buried with Christ into death” in order to indicate the Christian’s identification with Christ “in all of the major events of his redemptive work”.
To fall short of God’s glory (doxa) in 3:22b‐23 means that due to sin and apart from Christ, persons will not share in God’s glory or awesome presence.
What is gezerah shewa?
Paul gives two fundamental reasons for the assurance that Christ will rescue believers from God’s wrath (5:5‐11). These are (2) God’s __for us in Christ (5‐8); and (2) God’s __ for us in Christ (9‐10).
What role does the Mosaic law have in justification? Select the option below that best represents the overall teaching of Romans.
In 4:25, Paul describes Jesus our Lord (v. 24) in two parallel lines. What OT passage does the first line of 4:25 reflect?
What is Paul driving at in 4:10 when he notes the chronological sequence of Abraham’s justification (Gen 15:6) and the institution of circumcision (Gen 17)?
According to 6:5, believers are united with Christ in his death and in his resurrection.
Paul adds two key points in 3:24, emphasizing that we are justified freely by means of God’s grace, on the basis of his redemptive work accomplished in Christ.
What Old Testament verse is foundational for Paul’s characteristic emphasis on justification by faith (see 4:3, 8, also Gal 3:6)?
In continuation of the diatribe style, Paul engages in dialogue once again with an imaginary conversation partner (3:27‐31). Who is this?
According to 4:15, what does the Mosaic law bring?
The two aspects of the peace God gives us in Christ include the “peace of God” and “peace with God.”
Select the reason Paul introduces Abraham into his argument in chapter 4.
What is the basis on which God justifies both Jews and Gentiles (3:29‐30)?
What is the topic that emerges as the unifying focal point in 5:1‐11?
What does Paul most often depict when he refers to being saved/salvation (sozo)?
The genitive construction: pisteos Iesou Christou in Rom. 3:22a has sparked debate. Discuss what is debatable about this phrase. Offer a solution. (100–150 words)
What is the key verse upon which Paul grounds his argument in chapter 4?
What central subtheme resurfaces in 3:29‐30?
Paul teaches that Abraham was justified by his works (Rom 4).
What event signaled a decisive shift in salvation history?
The NIV is probably correct in translating “law” (nomos) in 3:27 as “principle” especially since Paul tends to avoid associating faith with the Mosaic law.
To whom does the description “the circumcised” refer (3:30)?
Paul drives home the point in 5:12 that Adam’s fall introduced sin into the world and death came as a result.
What theme binds the section from 4:13‐22?
To whom does the description “the uncircumcised” refer (3:30)?
Name the theme that dominates the first (5:1‐11) and last (8:18‐39) paragraphs, framing the argument in this section.
Specify the nuance of the dikaio‐ language in 6:15‐
According to 3:21‐22a, the heart of the gospel is that God’s righteousness is available to all who believe in Jesus Christ.