GOVT 215 Quiz Hypothetical

GOVT 215 Quiz Hypothetical and Categorical Syllogisms

Module 3: Week 3.

  1. The middle term of a categorical syllogism is the term that appears in both the major and minor premise.
  2. A hypothetical syllogism is valid where the categorical premise affirms the truth of the antecedent term of the hypothetical premise and the conclusion denies the truth of the consequent term of the hypothetical premise.
  3. An important logical rule is that the middle term in a categorical syllogism has to be distributed at least twice.
  4. The rule of logic that controls arguments is focused on ensuring the right order of terms to justify a logical inference.
  5. The fallacy of affirming the consequent cannot apply in “if . . . then” arguments.
  6. A categorical syllogism includes a major premise, a minor premise, and a conclusion.
  7. Formal logic disciplines legal thinking and organizes legal argument.
  8. Choose the best answer to fill in the blank. ____________ entails exchanging the subject and predicate terms and replacing both terms with their respective complements.
  9. Finding fault with one component of a syllogism is all that is required to extinguish the logical force of a deductive arguments.
  10. Choose the best answer to fill in the blank. ____________ is the concept of exchanging subjects and predicates.
  11. Choose the best answer to fill in the blank. Arguments that place people, places or things into categories are
  12. Choose the best answer to fill in the blank. ____________ replaces a predicate term with a complementary version of that term.
  13. A term that refers to a class particularly is referring to all members of the class.
  14. The fallacy of denying the antecedent only applies to arguments that take the form of a hypothetical syllogism
  15. Arguments about cause and effect do not fit into a hypothetical syllogism.
  16. Choose the best answer to fill in the blank. A ____________ is an argument that appears to be logically persuasive but is not.
  17. One way to spot the fallacy of the undistributed middle term is to look for patterns of argument featuring exclusively undistributed middle terms.
  18. Fallacious arguments frequently have the false appearance of a logical appeal.
  19. The fallacy of the undistributed middle term is a categorical syllogism.
  20. The fallacy of denying the antecedent is one of two fallacies that result from the failure to observe logical rules. What is the other fallacy?
  21. The fallacy of denying the antecedent, like all fallacies, has a powerful, descriptive name. Why is this fallacy called “denying the antecedent”? What is an “antecedent” in an argument and what does it mean to “deny” it? Give a thorough explanation for each question using your own words and make sure to provide examples (do not copy and paste material from other sources).
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