SOCI 200 Exam 1

SOCI 200 Exam 1 Liberty University Answers

Set 1

  1. The suicide rate is much higher for which of the following groups?
  2. Figures about the gross national product, balance of payments deficits, or per-capita income are studied primarily by ______.
  3. The sociologist Peter Berger said that, “people who like to avoid shocking discoveries, who prefer to believe that society is just what they were taught in Sunday School, who like the safety of the rules” should ______.
  4. What is sociology?
  5. What is the concern of social anthropologists?
  6. Scientific pursuit attempts to discover all of the following except:
  7. Sociologists do not believe that social forces affect human behavior.
  8. The work of sociologists is very similar to that of ______.
  9. In 1963, Berger suggests that the first wisdom of sociology is that things are not always what they seem.
  10. To a large extent, how is human behavior shaped?
  11. What should a sociologist do when reading a table?
  12. Eugenics is a social science.
  13. The theme common to all the writings of Marx and Engels was a profound sense of outrage at the misery produced in the lower classes by the industrial order.
  14. What did Marx believe to be at the core of every society?
  15. A major tenet of the exchange theory is that all exchange involves a mutually held expectation: when we give, we will get something in return.
  16. According to Durhkeim, higher suicide rates are expected for those people who have a low level of ______.
  17. Who is usually credited with being the father of sociology?
  18. Structural functional theorists regard society in a state of equilibrium, while conflict theorists regard society in a constant state of competition and change.
  19. Conflict theory has a __________ orientation.
  20. Marx based his conflict theory on the simple assumption that the organization of society is determined by its __________ organization.
  21. The views of the Tea Party, a political party that espouses as little government interference as possible, is most akin to the thinking of which theoretical perspective?
  22. What are theories?
  23. Early sociologists often equated evolution with ______.
  24. Contemporary conflict theorists assume that conflict is always based on class and class consciousness.
  25. The procedure used most frequently to obtain information about the social world is the case study.
  26. What does the scientific standard of replication assert?
  27. When researchers try to find the cause of health problems, these problems are the _____ variable.
  28. The process of arriving at a measure of a concept or variable is referred to as replication.
  29. The variable that is affected by another is the _____ variable.
  30. When a proposition varies, it is said to be a concept.
  31. Observation studies involve watching people in _____.
  32. Which of the following is true of hypotheses?
  33. The Hawthorne studies were well-known _____.
  34. What is the procedure that is used most frequently to obtain information about the social world?
  35. In any scientific study the causal variable is the independent variable.
  36. In an experiment, the control group is identical to the experimental group except for which of the following?
  37. Secondary analysis refers to _____.
  38. Folkways are norms.
  39. What happens when the laws of the land do not reflect cultural mores?
  40. When can ethnocentrism be functional for a society?
  41. The most important set of symbols is pictures.
  42. The existence of culture is dependent on people’s ability to create and understand _____.
  43. To a sociologist, what is culture?
  44. A preference for foreign imports is an example of _____.
  45. When a group’s norms and values are in serious conflict with those of the society that it is a part of, the group has characteristics of _____.
  46. Rules of conduct or social expectations for behavior are called _____.
  47. Language is a _____.
  48. Norms that develop among a group of students living in the same dorm would most likely be the basis of _____.
  49. Most values have both positive and negative counterparts.
  50. Where does conformity to the norms of a society usually originate?

Other sets

  1. A case study is the study of
  2. According to Durhkeim, higher suicide rates are expected for those people who have a low level of
  3. According to Durhkeim, higher suicide rates are expected for those people who have a low level of ______.
  4. According to Merton, functions that are not intended or recognized are _____.
  5. All but which of the following are artifacts?
  6. An idioculture is a system of knowledge, beliefs, values, and behaviors created by a charismatic leader.
  7. Anthropology primarily studies
  8. At the macrosociological level, what is attempting to be understood?
  9. By which terms can people be understood?
  10. Capital punishment deters crime.
  11. Comte first called the new social science “social studies.”
  12. Comte’s law of human progress suggests that all human intellectual development passes successively through which three different theoretical conditions?
  13. Conflict theory has a __________ orientation.
  14. Countercultures are eccentric groups of people who nevertheless live peacefully within the larger culture.
  15. Distributing questionnaires to a sample of college students would be an example of which of the following?
  16. Durkheim concluded that suicide is what kind of a phenomenon?
  17. Eugenics is a social science.
  18. Evaluation looks backward after a period of time to measure if the goals have been accomplished.
  19. Evolutionary theory suggests that societies are _____.
  20. Folkways are norms.
  21. General themes in American values, according to Robin M. Williams, include all of the following except
  22. Generalization refers to the extent to which we can apply our findings beyond the sample group.
  23. How do more and folkways differ?
  24. How do symbolic interactionists believe society exists?
  25. How does the dictionary define sociology?
  26. If a proposition is formulated with two or more variables that can be empirically tested, the proposition is considered a hypothesis.
  27. If you were to visit any society in the world, it would be comprised in all the following structures except _____.
  28. Marx based his conflict theory on the simple assumption that the organization of society is determined by its __________ organization.
  29. Norms indicate how people should and should not behave in various social situations.
  30. One of the aims of descriptive research is to provide facts about the social world.
  31. Participant observation means
  32. Reliability is the extent to which observations actually yield measures of what they are supposed to measure.
  33. Reliability refers to _____ measures.
  34. Research data are often described using _____.
  35. Rules of conduct or social expectations for behavior are called _____.
  36. Social institutions are systems of values and norms.
  37. Sociologists are physical scientists.
  38. Sociologists believe that we can understand various points of view by studying a variety of societies.
  39. Sociologists only study economic systems.
  40. Sociology encourages us to only look at how both people and events are unique and different from each other.
  41. Spencer believed that planned change would not disrupt the orderly evolution of society.
  42. Stopping at a stop light demonstrates the human ability to use symbols.
  43. Structural functional theory is sometimes referred to as _____.
  44. Symbolic interaction theory has a __________ orientation.
  45. The attitude that one’s culture is superior to other cultures is known as ethnocentrism.
  46. The consequences of a social system leading to the breakdown of the system are termed dysfunctions.
  47. The existence of culture is dependent on people’s ability to create and understand
  48. The existence of culture is dependent on people’s ability to create and understand _____.
  49. The research process can itself be a variable by causing results in an experiment, such as in the Hawthorne studies.
  50. The sociological perspective operates only on the macrosociological level.
  51. The variable that causes an effect is the _____ variable.
  52. To a sociologist, what is culture?
  53. Values _____.
  54. What are some sociological issues that microsociology confronts?
  55. What are subcultures?
  56. What are theories?
  57. What did Durkheim believe about social facts?
  58. What did Herbert Spencer believe about societies?
  59. What do most sociologists rely on to understand social life?
  60. What does a disregard for history indicate?
  61. What does symbolic interaction allow?
  62. What does the concept of honesty and a disdain for cheating on a test exemplify?
  63. What does the Sapir‐Whorf hypothesis suggest?
  64. What does the scientific standard of objectivity assert about the personal biases of researchers?
  65. What does the statement: “Age at marriage is negatively related to family size,” exemplify?
  66. What happens to the conclusions that are drawn at the end of the research process?
  67. What is a concept?
  68. What is a proposition considered to be if it is formulated in such a way that it can be tested?
  69. What is of interest to social geographers?
  70. What is one of the first things a researcher needs to know before doing research?
  71. What is operationalization?
  72. What is social work?
  73. What is the most likely primary goal of social science?
  74. What is the procedure that is used most frequently to obtain information about the social world?
  75. What is the sociological imagination?
  76. What is the view that a society should be judged on its own terms, not in comparison with others, called?
  77. What should a sociologist do when reading a table?
  78. When a clear relationship in time exists between two variables, the dependent variable must come first.
  79. When a group’s norms and values are in serious conflict with those of the society that it is a part of, the group has characteristics of _____.
  80. When a proposition varies, it is said to be a concept.
  81. When are people are said to be ethnocentric?
  82. When does organizational deviance occur?
  83. When members of a society generally support its system of law and order but, nevertheless, drive ten miles over the speed limit, they are
  84. Which of the following is an example of a physical science?
  85. Which of the following is true of capital punishment?
  86. Which of the following is true of hypotheses?
  87. Which of the following is true of mores and folkways?
  88. Which of the following statements is true?
  89. Which of the following statements is true?
  90. Who enforces both folkways and mores?
  91. Who was the chief advocate of the view that humans respond to symbolic and abstract meanings as well as concrete experiences?
  92. Why does Merton’s middle‐range theory differ from Talcott Parsons’?
  93. Women as a group commit suicide more frequently than men because they are confined to the home or hold low‐paying jobs.
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