SCOM 110 Exam 2
1. XM and Sirius are examples of
2. The musical genre of dance music known as _________was originated in the 1970s by black DJs who combined live and recorded mixes, improvisational spoken‐word poetry, and rhythmic tempos.
3. Because of the music that embodied the spirit of the times, the 1920s are often referred to as
4. Bands such as Journey, Heart, and Styx, who were commercially appealing and radio‐ friendly if not particularly creative musically, were part of the 1970s trend known as
5. David Sarnoff is considered one of radio’s three “pioneers” because
6. Which group is generally considered to have been at the forefront of the “British Invasion” of the 1960s?
7. What kept the young recording industry from collapsing during the Great Depression?
8. In the music business, “the majors” are
9. This 1970s and ’80s underground musical movement, a stylistic cousin to hard rock, challenged mainstream musical tastes, upset the mainstream music industry, and, thanks to performers like Debbie Harry and Joan Jett, even called into question the male dominance of the rock scene. This movement was known as
10. Why did record sales decline in the early 1920s?
11. Edwin Howard Armstrong is famous for
12. As early as the 1920s, radio station operators began relying on ________ in order to remain financially viable.
13. Multitrack technology, non‐Western musical styles, and the use of certain recreational drugs combined to contribute to the 1960s musical style known as
14. The advent of multitrack recording, including features like the “wall of sound,” meant that ___________ become the dominant players in the production of music.
15. The person most widely credited with the invention of modern sound recording is
16. The expression “rock ‘n’ roll” was a slang term for “sex” found in the lyrics of blues music lyrics.
17. In the 1950s and ’60s, the radio and recording industries had practically no power to make or break musicians’ careers.
18. Within a few years of its 2003 launch, Apple’s iTunes store had become the world’s single largest seller of music.
19. Jazz music personified the high spirits of the Roaring Twenties but failed to resonate with the struggle for survival that marked the years of the Depression.
20. Although MTV debuted in 1981, music videos had existed in some form since as early as the 1960s.
21. In the early 1920s, the production of radio programming and the formation of radio networks were intended to drive the sale of radios.
22. The development of CD technology in the 1980s stopped the flow of consumer‐to‐ consumer distribution of “pirated” music.
23. Experts agree that, even though traditional radio stations are trying their hardest to respond to new market realities, the Internet has killed radio.
24. After the passage of the Telecommunications Act of 1996, playlists on the country’s top radio stations became increasingly distinct from one another.
25. Edison’s earliest sound‐recording technology was intended for business uses such as dictation.
26. Starting in 1905, these early movie theaters promoted the consumption of early motion pictures due, in part, to their cheap prices. Another feature was their wide appeal as content in what was screened there was largely visual in character.
27. The Golden Age of American film ran up to the 1946 anti‐trust ruling. In the era following this time, Hollywood invented this new form ‐‐ spectacular, huge‐budget productions. These productions not only demonstrated proven profitability they also attracted huge audiences, making it very difficult for television networks to compete.
28. Joseph Campbell is known for his scholarship in the area of:
29. This was the name for the system (under the defunct studio system) which typically bundled five films together‐a single high‐quality A‐film along with four lower‐quality A‐ and B‐films. Theater operators would then be expected to rent and show the entire package rather than just one film of their choice.
30. This early film society was the brainchild of Thomas Edison, who was determined to secure industry dominance for himself and a few other early U.S. companies that held a variety of patents on film. By joining this organization, companies could pool resources and demand licensing fees from producers, distributors and exhibitors outside their group.
31. Piracy via digital distribution over the Internet has accounted for more than ___ percent of the film industry’s losses between 2004 and 2009, affecting both box‐office sales and sell‐through revenues.
32. You may recall this man’s name from other chapters in our textbook. Working in a variety of media, he is credited with inventing the system which added sound to motion pictures. His discovery resulted in imprinting sound into light waves that could be recorded as visual images the same continuous film strip that carried visual information to the audience.
33. Prior to regulatory changes after 1946, which of the following words BEST characterized the economic state of US Motion Pictures?
34. This was dominant model of producing movies prior to 1946. It involved the end‐to‐ end control of producing and distributing completed products. It included ownership of their theatres in which films were screened along with exclusive contracts held between the production company and its actors.
35. This is the name (prior to 1946) which was given to the five major and three minor film companies that solidified their hold on the U.S. film industry. At one point, their combined output accounted for 95 percent of the nation’s film production.
36. This is the name of a generation of filmmakers who took the older genre of film noir to new heights. Directors working in this area experimented with new cinematic styles that focused on complex character relationships, sexual passions, and religious turmoil.
37. This is the name of the first talkie or feature length film with sound.
38. While still employing established storytelling techniques, these films tend to mix other stylistic components often rooted in other media.
39. This country is the world’s cinematic leader producing more than 1,000 movies each year.
40. This is the name of the organization which revealed its new Motion Pictures Ratings System in 1968. This new system allowed studios to test the waters with more controversial content. In turn, films began to feature previously taboo subjects such as drug addiction, prostitution, and childbirth.
41. Joseph Campbell’s research indicates that narratives structures in media mirror those in our real lives.
42. According to Chapter 6, the Golden Age of film began in the Post WWI era.
43. Genres enable us to organize film types, thereby helping us to determine a film’s basic narrative.
44. Early motion pictures contained sounds along with images. These were known as talkies.
45. Sweeps week is the name of a seven‐day period in which the Nielsen Company conducts research in first weeks of November, March, May, and July in order to determine how popular certain television programs are.
46. According to Chapter 6, No Country for Old Men (2007) fits solidly within the genre of Mystery/suspense.
47. The strict and censorious Hays Code, established in 1922, was abandoned by 1960s and replaced by a new industry regulated system.
48. Typically, we think of independent film as being a contemporary innovation. However, Chapter 6 suggests that independents were involved in the industry as early as 1910.
49. Hayao Miyazaki’s 2002 film, Spirited Away, is a good example of the Japanese genre known as kaiju.
50. Thomas Edison is credited with inventing the technology which enabled sound to be encoded into motion pictures.