Which of the following precautions can scientists take to protect themselves against charges of fraud?
Which of the following is true of greater than minimal risk research?
Angelica tells the participants of her research that they would receive painful electric shocks, which brings about fear and anxiety in the participants. However, the shocks were never delivered. Which of the following types of stress are the participants most likely to experience in this case?
In Milgram’s study on obedience, informing the participants that it was experiment on learning and memory is an example of _____
In a research experiment, _____ is an issue when the researcher has assured subjects that the collected data are only accessible to people with permission, generally only the researcher.
Sasha decides to examine public records of crime rates to determine whether perpetrators committed property crimes at an earlier age in the 1940s than in the 1970s. According to the U.S Department of Health and Human Services, Sasha’s research would be categorized as a(n) _____ research.
Current ethical guidelines for both behavioral and medical researchers have their origins in the:
The examination of potential problems and benefits that are likely to result from a research is known as a _____ analysis.
What is the function of an Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee?
Principle C of the APA Ethics Code focuses on _____.
In research, _____ occurs when there is active misrepresentation of information about the nature of a study.
Byron, a sophomore in high school, and his parents have signed written agreements allowing him to participate in a research study examining attitudes toward alcohol use by high school students. Byron is a minor. Byron’s agreement to participate is known as _____.
Which of the following is an example of a minimal risk research?
The Belmont Report’s ethical principle of justice requires that:
Anonymous questionnaires, surveys, and educational tests are all considered _____ research.
_____ becomes an important issue when studying topics such as family violence, drug use, divorce, or sexual behavior.
Which of the following is true of the Tuskegee Syphilis study?
Matt wants to conduct an experiment on people’s perceptions of tattoos. He plans to manipulate the experimental conditions by having participants receive tattoos on their arms. The tattoos will vary in size and color. An ethical review board would most likely be concerned about the:
In the Milgram obedience experiment, participants were deceived about the hypothesis when they were told that the purpose of the experiment was to study:
Before conducting the experiment, Helga explains to the participants the purpose of the study and tells them that participation is voluntary and they can withdraw if they want. This shows that the experiment involves _____.
What single factor is probably most responsible for keeping scientific fraud to a minimum
Asking participants to read a description of a situation and predict how they would respond in that situation is called
How do scientists counter the charges of groups who oppose animal research?
The Zimbardo prison study had to be stopped in fewer than six days because
Before participating in his experiment, Mario explains to the participants the reason for the study and tells them they can withdraw from the study at any time. This procedure illustrates
The Belmont Report’s principle of respect for persons or autonomy is best represented by which of the following applications?
The real purpose of the Milgram study was to investigate
Which of the following is NOT a reason for a decrease in the type of elaborate deception used in past studies?
People in a large shopping mall are stopped and asked to participate in a taste test of organic vs. non‐organic apple cider. After tasting each sample, they are asked to indicate which cider they most prefer. This procedure would be an example of
In Milgram’s study on obedience, telling participants the purpose of the experiment was to study learning and memory was an example of
Deception can be a problem
Which one of the following describes an “honest” experiment?
According to your text, a cost benefit analysis is calculated to help decide whether or not to conduct a study. In this situation, the costs include ____ while the benefits include ____.
Ethical concerns are especially important with special populations of participants such as _____ because _____.
One safeguard against scientific fraud is that
Loss of expected privacy and confidentiality are ethical issues that researchers must address when _____________________?
In a research experiment, ______ protects information that is revealed by the participants.
Participants volunteered for a study on “Attitudes toward television violence.” Instead, the participants completed a survey on their own aggressive behavior. At the end of the study, the researcher failed to inform the participants about the true purpose of the study. This researcher has failed to conduct a(n)
Zimbardo’s Stanford prison study was an example of a(n) _____.
In the Milgram obedience experiment, participants were led to believe they were delivering a painful electric shock to a learner whenever the learner responded with an incorrect answer. This procedure induced
plagiarism is a form of plagiarism where the words are not directly copied without attribution, but the ideas are copied without attribution.
Adam promises his participants that they would receive extra course credits for their participation in his experiment. But he forgets to inform their instructor about this, and thus the students are not marked with the promised extra credit points. Which principle of the APA Ethics Code has Adam violated?
According to the Belmont Report, which principle refers to the need for research to maximize benefits and minimize any possible harmful effects of participation?
Renae conducts a study to understand altruistic behavior. She deceives the participants stating that the purpose of her study is to test intelligence. This results in some of the participants feeling bad about their performance. What should Renae do in order to remove the negative effects of the experiment?
Byron, a sophomore in high school, and his parents have signed written agreements allowing him to participate in a research study examining attitudes toward alcohol use by high school students. Byron is a minor. Byron’s agreement to participate is known as
A researcher’s results should be considered fraudulent if: the data
Which of the following is a genuine case of fraud?
If a participant has been deceived, ethical considerations require that a researcher provides
risk is a type of research activity which means that the risks of harm to participants are no greater than risks encountered in daily life or in routine physical or psychological tests.
Which of the following is a characteristic of the Institutional Review Board (IRB)?
Informed consent of participants can sometimes be a problem for researchers because:
The agreement by a minor to participate in an experiment is formally called
Kierstin, in her research paper, copied a few paragraphs verbatim from a renowned author’s work without giving quotation marks or citing the source. The review board rejected her paper on grounds of plagiarism. What kind of a plagiarism has she committed?
Which of the following is a potential risk that a participant may face during a research experiment?