An advantage of using past research as a source of ideas for research is that:
Kenneth knows that when Jeremy drinks alcohol, he afterward becomes very talkative. This identification of a cause of behavior exemplifies:
In the context of conducting a PsycINFO search, an advantage of using the asterisk (*) is that:
When the results of an experiment are consistent with a prediction developed from a theory, we conclude that the theory is:
_____ is “fake” science in which seemingly scientific terms and demonstrations are used to substantiate claims that have no basis in scientific research.
\Which of the following is included in the method section of a research report?
Identify a true statement about basic and applied research.
The distinction between basic research and applied research is that basic research: –
A researcher designs a study to examine the relationship between gender and time spent talking in a group. According to the researcher, the outcome of the study is likely to be that males talk more than females in a gender‑balanced group. The researcher’s statement about the outcome of the study is an example of a:
Roussel conducts research to determine whether or not an after improves school performance in fifth‑grade children. Dr. Roussel is most likely engaged in _____.
The American Psychological Association computer database that stores the contents of Psychological Abstracts is:
Which of the following goals of science is the most important for changing behavior?
A major area of applied research that assesses the social reforms and innovations that occur in government, industry, and mental health settings is called _____.
A claim without a scientific base that a product or procedure will enhance a person’s memory, relieve depression, or treat any other disorder is an example of _____.
The statement, “Participants in quiet environments score consistently higher on math achievement tests than participants in noisy environments” is an example of _____ behavior.
Prediction of behavior involves:
To find out how many authors have referred to a particular article in the years since it was published, one would consult:
Identify the primary role of reviewers involved in peer review.
Which of the following is true of applied research?
An empirical approach to science requires that:
Which section of a research article summarizes the hypothesis, the procedure, conclusions, and discussion usually in 120 words or less?
A hypothesis is a:
In view of the existing tension between the police department and the citizens of Metropolis, the city council conducts a survey among the residents for suggestions on how to improve police‑community relations. This example best illustrates _____ as a source of research ideas.
In which section of a research article would a reader find a summary of the entire project?
A researcher poses the following question: “Does the breed of a dog determine its ability to learn complex interactive skills?” This question is an example of a(n):
The fundamental characteristic of the scientific approach is:
When a person accepts unquestioningly what his or her own personal judgment tells about the world, he or she is relying on _____.
What is the diﬀerence between a hypothesis and a prediction?
Which section of a research article includes a description of exactly how the study was designed and conducted?
Juan is writing a section of a research report that describes who participated in the research along with a description of how the study was conducted. Juan is most likely to be writing the _____ section of the research report.
Kathy is writing a section of a research report in which she explains the possible reasons for results in her study and suggestions for practical applications of the research and future research ideas. Kathy is most likely to be writing the _____ section.
Which of the following PsycINFO search strategies should be employed by researchers?
Good scientific ideas are testable. They can be supported or they can be disproved by data, which is called _____.
In which section of a research article is a reader most likely to find suggestions for possible practical applications of the research and for future research on the topic?
In the case of knowing that watching television violence is a predictor of actual aggression, which of the following evidence accentuates the need to know that aggression followed after television viewing occurred?
A researcher finds that people who own more than two cars have bigger homes, more garage space, and make more money than people who own only one or two cars. Therefore, the researcher concludes that having more than two cars causes people to have homes with bigger garages. According to Cook and Campbell’s types of evidence, the researcher failed to eliminate:
Which one of the following statements would be appropriate for the results section of a research report?
One advantage of using the Social Science Citation Index (SSCI) as a source of locating previous research is it:
Of the four goals of behavioral science, determining the cause of behavior involves:
In which section of a research article would a reader find a description of what was done in the past and why the present study is being conducted?
At the beginning of any research project, it is necessary to explore thoroughly prior research on the topic of interest because
The scientific meaning of the term “theory” is
You have just read an article in a popular magazine that stated, “People who jog live longer than people who don’t jog.” As a scientist, you would probably
Accepting the information in a professor’s lecture without question is a reliance on ______.
A prediction is best represented by which of the following statements?
A(n)_______ consists of a systematic body of ideas about a particular topic or phenomenon.
The problem with using intuition to make conclusions about human behavior is that
The empirical approach to science requires that
Claims that are made on the basis of evidence that is designed to appear scientific is referred to as
Determining the cause of behavior is an important goal of science because
A scientist states that “there is evidence for the existence of vampires because she herself has felt their presence.” This claim should
A researcher finds that people who own more than two cars have bigger homes, more garage space, and make more money than people who own only one or two cars. The researcher’s inference that having more than two cars causes people to have homes with bigger garages is lacking which type of causal evidence?
Which of the following is not a goal of science?
The statement “Females will report greater incidences of sexual harassment than will males” is an example of a ______, while the statement “Reported incidences of sexual harassment will vary according to gender” is an example of
Which one of the following would NOT be found in the introduction of a research report?
People are likely to believe information presented by a speaker who is seen as prestigious, trustworthy, and credible because of a reliance on
Determining the cause of a behavior is difficult because
Dave knows that when Ken drinks alcohol he becomes very talkative This identification of a cause of behavior is an example of what type of evidence?
Which of the following best describes an applied research study?
When conducting a search for previous literature using PsychINFO, you
Testing common sense ideas
In determining the cause of behavior, which principle considers the order in which two events occur together?
A(n) ______ is a statement about the expected relationship between variables. A(n) ______ is a statement about the outcome of a particular experiment.
Administrators at the county’s juvenile hall have implemented a reward program to decrease disruptive behavior during meal times. The scientific approach would dictate that the program
When data fails to provide support for some idea that is advanced, we can say that _______ has occurred.
Which section of a research article includes the interpretation of a study’s findings?
The advantage of employing the scientific approach over other ways of knowing about the world is that it
_____ is the process by which scientists with expertise in a particular field judge the scientific merit of another’s research within that same field.
A major problem with using Internet search engines such as Google as a method of obtaining research information is
Which of the following characteristics is true of pseudoscience? The
A researcher makes the statement, “Breed of dog and ability to learn guide dog skills are related.” This statement is called a
Using the Boolean operator OR in PsycINFO will
Which one of the following journal‐article titles most likely represents an applied research study?
In which section of a research article would a reader find a description of the findings using statistical language?