PHIL 201 Quiz 7

PHIL 201 Quiz 7 Liberty University Answers

Set 1

  1. Which principle states that one is not justified in claiming that it appears that there are no X’s if one has reason to believe that, in one’s present epistemic state, one is not in a position to be able to perceive any Xs that might be there?
  2. The view advanced by C. S. Lewis in The Great Divorce is
  3. Plantinga constructs a defense rather than a theodicy to answer the logical problem of evil.
  4. So-called “horrendous evils” are
  5. Criticisms of mild hell include that
  6. Which of the following is NOT a significant development from the 1960’s moral revolution?
  7. Ethics is about the ________ and about the
  8. This is the type of claim that says what we “ought” to do.
  9. Love alone does not tell a person what he or she ought to want and do in every situation; it still needs _____________ in righteousness of the sort the Bible gives.
  10. The Bible tells us everything we need to know and can benefit from ethically.
  11. Natural Law theory comes under the category of
  12. Which element is not part of every moral event:
  13. When I ask “Why am I doing this?” I am seeking the ___________ behind my action:
  14. Deontological ethics says we should be moral because:
  15. The Synderesis rule states:
  16. According to emotivism, moral language is basically ___________, because it is not empirical or analytic.
  17. The emotivist says an ethical judgment describes feelings, while the subjectivist says it vents feelings.
  18. Which of the following is NOT one of Holmes’ criticisms of emotivism?
  19. Which of the following is an implication from the idea that the ethicist’s emphasis on moral truth is misguided and moral practices are just emotional assertions?
  20. In contrast to emotivism, which views ethical judgments as expressions of feelings, ethical subjectivism views such statements as:

Set 2

  1. Plantinga constructs a defense rather than a theodicy to answer the logical problem of evil.
  2. Criticisms of mild hell include that
  3. Evans claims that a recurring theme of the Bible, especially the Old Testament, is
  4. The argument that there is probably pointless suffering that renders God’s existence unlikely is called
  5. The logical form of the problem of evil:
  6. Where in the Bible can one find ethical material?
  7. The main difference between ethics and many other disciplines is that ethics is subjective while many other disciplines are objective.
  8. Empirical sciences focus increasingly on the __________ of particular problems while ethics focuses on what people _________ to do.
  9. Which of the following is NOT a way that ethics can contribute to Biblical morality?
  10. Which of the following is a way Scripture does NOT contribute to philosophical ethics?
  11. Deontological ethics says we should be moral because:
  12. The one below that Dr. Martin did NOT appeal to as a proposed solution to the problem of evil
  13. In the end, Dr. Martin appealed to what factor in answering the question of gratuitous evil:
  14. When I ask “Why am I doing this?” I am seeking the ___________ behind my action:
  15. According to Dr. Martin, why is evil a problem for theists?
  16. Logical positivism insists that which kinds of cognitive language are NOT possible:
  17. What term describes the idea that morality varies from culture to culture so that there are no universal norms?
  18. The emotivist says an ethical judgment describes feelings, while the subjectivist says it vents feelings.
  19. The dependency thesis states that morality is a matter of independent, rational judgment.
  20. What is one problem with the charge of ethnocentrism aimed by relativists and the idea of universal moral beliefs?

Set 3

  1. What are challenges of a free‐will theodicy?
  2. Goods like courage and sympathy
  3. So‐called “horrendous evils” are
  4. The apparent fact that God’s existence is not clearly manifested is a mystery for which believers have no explanation.
  5. The problem of evil comes about when we try to reconcile
  6. The Bible contributes to philosophical ethics because it demonstrates that from love for God and gratitude for his mercies come the motivation and dynamic for moral living.
  7. All religions are concerned with the promulgation of certain values and the cultivation of specific virtues except Christianity.
  8. Which of the following is a way Scripture does NOT contribute to philosophical ethics?
  9. Christian liberty is not the license to do as one wants, but is rather being liberated to live within what God’s law requires.
  10. Where in the Bible can one find ethical material?
  11. Which element is not part of every moral event:
  12. Natural Law theory comes under the category of
  13. When I ask “Why am I doing this?” I am seeking the ___________ behind my action:
  14. According to Dr. Martin, what is gratuitous evil?
  15. Which element is NOT an element of the moral point of view:
  16. Ethics is a normative discipline concerned with explaining existing moral practices‐ ‐how physical needs and social context have contributed to our understanding of moral objectivism.
  17. What view holds that moral language simply expresses and perhaps arouses emotion so that nothing we say in moral terms is either true or false about anything:
  18. Cultural relativism is the view that moral beliefs and practices vary with and depend on human needs and social conditions.
  19. According to emotivism, moral language is basically ___________, because it is not empirical or analytic.
  20. The emotivist says an ethical judgment describes feelings, while the subjectivist says it vents feelings.
  21. The apparent fact that God’s existence is not clearly manifested is a mystery for which believers have no explanation.
  22. According to Plantinga, God is able to bring about every possible world.
  23. The idea that all free beings God could actually create would misuse their freedom at some time is called “transworld depravity.”
  24. The argument that there is probably pointless suffering that renders God’s existence unlikely is called
  25. The problem of evil comes about when we try to reconcile
  26. Which of the following is NOT a way that ethics can contribute to Biblical morality?
  27. The Bible tells us everything we need to know and can benefit from ethically.
  28. Love alone does not tell a person what he or she ought to want and do in every situation; it still needs _____________ in righteousness of the sort the Bible gives.
  29. The Bible contributes to philosophical ethics because it demonstrates that from love for God and gratitude for his mercies come the motivation and dynamic for moral living.
  30. Which of the following is NOT a way the Bible contributes to philosophical ethics?
  31. According to Dr. Martin, what is gratuitous evil?
  32. According to Dr. Martin, why is evil a problem for theists?
  33. The Synderesis rule states:
  34. The pointecast presentation on why be moral would support the idea that each individual should be free to formulate his/her own ethical norms.
  35. When I ask “Why am I doing this?” I am seeking the ___________ behind my action:
  36. Cultural relativism is the view that moral beliefs and practices vary with and depend on human needs and social conditions.
  37. Logical positivism insists that which kinds of cognitive language are NOT possible:
  38. The emotivist says an ethical judgment describes feelings, while the subjectivist says it vents feelings.
  39. According to Holmes, one problem with the diversity thesis is that:
  40. Which of the following is NOT a statement that the ethical emotivist would say is empirically true?
  41. Deadly earthquakes, hurricanes, and diseases are examples of natural evils.
  42. The view advanced by C. S. Lewis in The Great Divorce is
  43. The problem of evil comes about when we try to reconcile
  44. The apparent fact that God’s existence is not clearly manifested is a mystery for which believers have no explanation.
  45. So‐called “horrendous evils” are
  46. The main difference between ethics and many other disciplines is that ethics is subjective while many other disciplines are objective.
  47. All religions are concerned with the promulgation of certain values and the cultivation of specific virtues except Christianity.
  48. Which of the following is NOT a significant development from the 1960’s moral revolution?
  49. The Bible tells us everything we need to know and can benefit from ethically.
  50. Ethics is similar to anthropology and sociology because they focus on human behaviors and the consequences of human action.
  51. When I ask “Why is this the right thing to do?” I am seeking the ___________ behind my action:
  52. The one below that Dr. Martin did NOT appeal to as a proposed solution to the problem of evil
  53. For virtues ethics the “good” is located in the:
  54. According to Dr. Martin, Augustine defined evil as:
  55. According to Dr. Martin, what is gratuitous evil?
  56. What is really at stake in the dependency thesis is the question of __________ and
  57. According to emotivism, moral language is basically ___________, because it is not empirical or analytic.
  58. What term describes the idea that morality varies from culture to culture so that there are no universal norms?
  59. What is one problem with the charge of ethnocentrism aimed by relativists and the idea of universal moral beliefs?
  60. Which of the following is NOT a statement that the ethical emotivist would say is empirically true?
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