PHIL 201 Quiz 6

PHIL 201 Quiz 6 Liberty University Answers

Set 1

  1. Philosophy of religion attempts to answer such questions as, “Why does God allow suffering?”
  2. According to Evans, a person doesn’t need to be completely neutral about religion in order to objectively consider arguments for and against it.
  3. “Having the ability to think is a gift from God and He intended us to use it when examining religious beliefs.” Which view does this statement refute?
  4. According to Evans, the testing of religious beliefs is likely to be easier than the testing of scientific theories.
  5. According to strong or classical foundationalism, in order to know something, one must have a conclusive reason for thinking it is true.
  6. Which of the following are characteristics of the theistic conception of God?
  7. Which view recognizes a plurality of gods, but restricts allegiance to one god?
  8. An argument is _____________ whenever the conclusion must be true if the premises are true.
  9. Theism holds that God is a _________ being; his non-existence is not possible:
  10. Theological compatibilists hold that God knows the future because he wills it, including the free choices that each person will make.
  11. Which argument is often referred to as the argument from design:
  12. Which view interprets moral obligations in terms of social approval and disapproval?
  13. The atheist must argue more than the possibility that God does not exist in order to overcome the ontological argument.
  14. Since God is the greatest possible being, it is impossible for God to exist only in the understanding of the fool. Who argued this position:
  15. Aquinas taught that “beneficial order” is the kind of order in nature that brings about good results.
  16. According to Craig, if there is not God, ultimate meaning is lost.
  17. In the end, according to Craig, the dilemma for the atheist is:
  18. The fine-tuning of the universe is evidence supporting the:
  19. A minimalistic concept of God argues for a merciful God.
  20. To say that my case for God’s existence is ‘defeasible’ is to say:

Set 2

  1. Weak foundationalism claims that some of our knowledge is fallible and subject to revision.
  2. theology is where the theologian attempts to say what can be known about God or things divine, without committing to a specific religion.
  3. If Miranda chooses to simply write off any criticisms of her religious views as simply being the product of coming from non‐believers, she is acting like:
  4. The weak foundationalist believes that basic knowledge must be absolutely certain.
  5. Fideism claims that _______ is the precondition for any correct thinking about religion.
  6. It is a requirement of freedom that one possess alternate possibilities, meaning that in order to act freely, there must be more than one thing to do.
  7. Natural theologians attempt to see what can be known about God independently of any specific religious authority.
  8. Some theists teach that God is _________, meaning that God is unchangeable.
  9. Theism holds that God is a _________ being; his non‐existence is not possible:
  10. If theism is true, then Christianity must be true.
  11. According to Evans, a necessary being is the only kind of being whose existence requires no further explanation.
  12. Which argument is often referred to as the argument from design:
  13. A divine command theory cannot account for individual obligations.
  14. arguments are also known as first‐cause arguments because they attempt to infer that God must exist as the first cause of the universe.
  15. Which view interprets moral obligations in terms of social approval and disapproval?
  16. The fine‐tuning of the universe is evidence supporting the:
  17. According to Craig, if there is not God, ultimate meaning is lost.
  18. The Kalam version of the cosmological argument is a temporal form of the argument.
  19. In the end, according to Craig, the dilemma for the atheist is:
  20. To say that my case for God’s existence is ‘defeasible’ is to say:

Set 3

  1. The ________ claims that it is wrong to reason about religion, but one must just believe and have faith.
  2. According to strong or classical foundationalism, in order to know something, one must have a conclusive reason for thinking it is true.
  3. According to Evans, a person doesn’t need to be completely neutral about religion in order to objectively consider arguments for and against it.
  4. Fideism claims that _______ is the precondition for any correct thinking about religion.
  5. “Having the ability to think is a gift from God and He intended us to use it when examining religious beliefs.” Which view does this statement refute?
  6. The verifiablility theory of meaning holds that there are two types of meaningful statements:
  7. An argument is _____________ whenever the conclusion must be true if the premises are true.
  8. It is a requirement of freedom that one possess alternate probabilities, meaning that in order to act freely, there must be more than one thing to do.
  9. Which solution to the divine foreknowledge versus human freedom problem claims that God possessed some knowledge prior to creation that he used to decide how to create the world?
  10. Theists hold that God is __________, meaning he is present everywhere by virtue of his activity and knowledge.
  11. The atheist must argue more than the possibility that God does not exist in order to overcome the ontological argument.
  12. The ontological argument states that the natural world appears to exhibit a purposive design and infers its cause must therefore be an intelligent designer.
  13. According to Evans, a necessary being is the only kind of being whose existence requires no further explanation.
  14. “The universe might always have existed” is an irrelevant objection to the Cosmological argument.
  15. Non‐temporal versions of the Cosmological argument contend that the universe had to have a beginning, with a cause being necessary to explain its existence in the first moment.
  16. In the end, according to Craig, the dilemma for the atheist is:
  17. The aim of a best explanations approach to the question of God’s existence is to prove for certain that God exists.
  18. According to Craig, if there is not God, ultimate meaning is lost.
  19. In saying that my case for God’s existence is defeasible is to say:
  20. The Kalam version of the cosmological argument is a temporal form of the argument.
  21. In a critical dialogue about religious beliefs, Evans recommends beginning by asking the other person to accept your own religious presuppositions.
  22. _______ theology is where the theologian attempts to say what can be known about God or things divine, without committing to a specific religion.
  23. Philosophy of religion attempts to answer such questions as, “Why does God allow suffering?”
  24. If Miranda chooses to simply write off any criticisms of her religious views as simply being the product of coming from non‐believers, she is acting like:
  25. The ________ claims that it is wrong to reason about religion, but one must just believe and have faith .
  26. Which view recognizes a plurality of gods, but restricts allegiance to one god ?
  27. ________ is the dominant view of God in three of the world’s great religions: Christianity, Judaism, and Islam:
  28. If all the premises of a valid deductive argument are true, then the argument is:
  29. The verifiablility theory of meaning holds that there are two types of meaningful statements :
  30. Naturalism entails ________ because the naturalist does not believe in anything divine or supernatural beyond nature .
  31. According to Evans, it is the popularity of evolutionary theory, more than anything else, that has eroded the credibility of the traditional teleological argument .
  32. Aquinas taught that “beneficial order” is the kind of order in nature that brings about good results .
  33. This type of argument attempts to show that the very idea of God somehow implies that God actually exists .
  34. Non‐temporal versions of the Cosmological argument contend that the universe had to have a beginning, with a cause being necessary to explain its existence in the first moment.
  35. Which statement is the final premise of the following teleological argument ? i. There exist in nature many examples of beneficial order.
 Beneficial order is best explained as the result of an intelligent designer.
  36. According to Craig, atheists like Camus and Russell are inconsistent to promote love and brotherhood .
  37. The fine‐tuning of the universe is evidence supporting the :
  38. In the end, according to Craig, the dilemma for the atheist is :
  39. According to Craig, if there is not God, ultimate meaning is lost.
  40. Sartre’s solution to the challenge to find meaning in life without God:
  41. According to Evans, philosophy of religion may be engaged in by thinkers who are not themselves religious at all .
  42. “Having the ability to think is a gift from God and He intended us to use it when examining religious beliefs.” Which view does this statement refute?
  43. What view holds that genuine religious knowledge must consist of truths that are known with absolute certainty?
  44. Philosophy of religion and natural theology are identical disciplines.
  45. According to Evans, the testing of religious beliefs is likely to be easier than the testing of scientific theories.
  46. Which of the following are characteristics of the theistic conception of God?
  47. Naturalism entails ________ because the naturalist does not believe in anything divine or supernatural beyond nature.
  48. It is a requirement of freedom that one possess alternate probabilities, meaning that in order to act freely, there must be more than one thing to do.
  49. Which view recognizes a plurality of gods, but restricts allegiance to one god?
  50. Dualists believe in one God.
  51. Which statement is the final premise of the following teleological argument? i. There exist in nature many examples of beneficial order.
 Beneficial order is best explained as the result of an intelligent designer.
  52. “The universe might always have existed” is an irrelevant objection to the Cosmological argument.
  53. This type of argument attempts to show that the very idea of God somehow implies that God actually exists.
  54. Many argue that the universe has been __________ because the odds that a single universe just happening to have a combination of certain values that makes life possible are infinitesimally small:
  55. The ________ says that there are no real moral obligations. When a person says an act is wrong, he is expressing his individual feelings about the act.
  56. The elements appealed to for design in the universe include which of the following?
  57. According to the class presentation, one can successfully provide a single argument for God’s existence.
  58. In the end, according to Craig, the dilemma for the atheist is:
  59. Sartre’s solution to the challenge to find meaning in life without God:
  60. To say that my case for God’s existence is ‘defeasible’ is to say:
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