GOVT 215 Test 2

GOVT 215 Test 2 Liberty University

  1. Fallacies in disjunctive syllogisms contain “either-or” statements.
  2. It is irrelevant whether one knows how to avoid fallacies in legal argument.
  3. In this fallacy the term is applied to all members of a class in the conclusion even though it was limited to some members of the class in the major premise. Identify which fallacy this is:
  4. Hypothetical propositions are conditional “if-then” statements.
  5. Choose the best answer to fill in the blank. A _________ fallacy is any violation of any of the six rules of the categorical syllogism.
  6. In ordinary speech and in the law, the term fallacy (as a term of art) means the same thing.
  7. The following is an example of what kind of syllogism? If the defendant is found guilty, he will be sentenced. The defendant was found guilty. He will be sentenced.
  8. It is permissible to have four terms in a categorical syllogism.
  9. The following is an example of what kind of disjunct? “The jury will either acquit or convict him.”
  10. The mere occurrence of a negative, “no” or “not” in a proposition renders it a negative fallacy.
  11. Which of the following is considered an argument that misses the central point at issue and relies principally upon emotions, feelings, and ignorance to defend a thesis?
  12. Which of the following is not a fallacy in categorical syllogisms?
  13. A hypothetical syllogism often contains the following language: “if”, “unless”, “granted”, “supposing”, etc.
  14. An informal fallacy cannot be detected merely by examining the form of the argument but must be detected in some other way.
  15. Formal fallacies deal with content and context of premises.
  16. Which of the following is not a true statement?
  17. Formal fallacies violate the form of the syllogism.
  18. What is an argument whose conclusion could be false even if all its premises are true?
  19. Fallacies are dangerous because they are false conclusions or interpretations resulting from thinking processes that claim or appear to be valid, but fail to conform to the requirements of logic.
  20. The following is an example of what kind of disjunct? “All personal injury complaints for negligence must be brought within the two years of the automobile collision or the claim will be barred.”
  21. Define and describe the differences between formal and informal fallacies.
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