COUC 515 Final Exam

COUC 515 Final Exam Liberty University

  1. Cost-effective evaluation and cost-benefit analysis are both examples of
  2. A correlational, on its own, determines __________
  3. _____________ is a tool which provides a strategy for researchers to make predictions about relationships
  4. A _________________ is a graph which represents a correlation coefficient
  5. A third-variable problem is a part of correlational research and comes about when a correlation between two variables is dependent on another (third) variable.
  6. Empirically Supported Treatements (EST’s) are considered the “gold standard” because _______
  7. A hypothesis should be based on opinion.
  8. Making observations of the behavior of human beings or animals is known as:
  9. The following terms may be more associated with quantitative research than qualitative:
  10. Based on Jackson, figure 5.7 above of a standard normal distribution, what percentage of the population falls within one standard deviation of the mean?
  11. Research questions are ________
  12. Based on Jackson, figure 5.7 above of a standard normal distribution, what percentage of the population would score above someone who scores two standard deviations above the mean?
  13. The Boulder Model was built upon a foundation of Rogerian counseling theory.
  14. The following are examples of scientist practitioners except ______
  15. Qualitative research tends to be less structured than quantitative research.
  16. The sampling technique often seen in psychological research is convenience sampling.
  17. μ (pronounced “mu”) represents the symbol for the population mean.
  18. The Nuremberg code came about because of Stanley Milgram’s study.
  19. Correlational studies are looking for ________
  20. A reliability coefficient determined by assessing the degree of relationship between scores on the same test administered on two different occasions is called _______.
  21. A researcher is developing a study to examine the emotional intelligence between counseling majors and all other students.  The researcher hypothesizes that the mean emotional intelligence of counseling majors will be greater than the mean emotional intelligence of all other students. This is an example of a_________________.
  22. A Type II error is represented by “missing the findings” or failing to reject the null hypothesis when the null hypothesis is actually false.
  23. _________________ is defined as a test that is less likely to commit a Type II error.
  24. Which of the following is true regarding a one-tailed test?
  25. The chi-square (χ2) goodness-of-fit test is a nonparametric statistical test used for comparing categorical information against what we would expect based on previous knowledge.
  26. Using the Jackson textbook, figure 5.7, with a standard normal distribution, 95% of scores fall within 3 standard deviations from the mean.
  27. The central limit theorem involves the distribution of sample means approaching normality.
  28. The likelihood of a type one error is measured by _____.
  29. A test that can be used with nominal data is:
  30. A ballroom dancing metaphor can be used to describe the nature of reporting results in terms of the null hypothesis because:
  31. Nonparametric tests are tests that can be used when population parameters are not needed.
  32. If the population mean and standard deviation is known, the researcher should use a _________.
  33. Inferential statistics allows researchers to make inferences about a _____________ based on  a ___________.
  34. A frequency table helps researchers answer how often an event occurs and the frequency at which an event occurs.
  35. The Researcher’s hypothesis stating that counseling majors have a higher mean emotional intelligence (EI) than others majors in general, described above in the format of a formula would be _______________.
  36. A research design often used in the behavioral sciences, especially counseling is known as the:
  37. In the Knight and Tetrault study guide, the authors discuss Creswell’s recommendations about which items should be included in the methods section of a research proposal. These include:
  38. Confounding variables are:
  39. An ANOVA is:
  40. It has been said that the methods section of a research proposal is the most concrete of all the sections.
  41. A design in which participants are not randomly assigned but there is an independent variable being manipulated and a dependent variable being measured is a _______________________.
  42. There is a chance that a researcher can create two equal groups.
  43. Since quasi-experimental research is on the continuum of robustness between true experimental design and correlational research:
  44. According to Jackson, one of the benefits of using more than one group, is that the use of multiple groups allows for the addition of a placebo group.
  45. Examples of quasi-experimental designs include ___________________.
  46. Factorial designs refer to:
  47. A design in which participants are measured on a trait they already possess and assigned to categories based on that trait, rather than manipulating the independent variable is the ______________.
  48. An experimental design which has random selection, random assignment, or a mixture of both and the dependent variable is measured before and after the independent variable was manipulated, and then the pre-rest and post test scores are compared,  is called a ______________________.
  49. In a single case design research study:
  50. A two-group experimental design which has random selection, random assignment, or a mixture of both and the dependent variable is measured in each group, after the independent variable was manipulated. Then the DV measures for each group are compared. This group comparison research design is called a ______________________.
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